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Rev. Ronald C. Purkey, a Baptist minister, claims no originality for this Bible study outline.

However, every Bible study posted on this website has been taught by Rev. Purkey.

To see more Bible study outlines go to: More Bible Study Outlines.



February 7, 2016


SCRIPTURE: Exodus 12:1-14


KEY VERSE: 14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the Lord throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever. (Exodus 12:14)


INTRODUCTION: Exodus Chapter 12 is a high point in the Book of Exodus. Here we find the institution of the Feast of the Passover. It is a picture of that which Paul speaks of in 1 Corinthians 5:7, “…For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us.” Christ is in this chapter!


The Feast of the Passover was instituted as a memorial to Israel’s deliverance from Egypt and their adoption as Jehovah’s nation. The Passover is a festival that laid the foundation of the nation Israel’s birth into a new relationship with God.


I. THE PASSOVER LAMB (Exodus 12:1-5)


A. We see the birth of a nation. (Exodus 12:1-2)


(Exodus 12:1-2) And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt saying, This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.


Exodus 12 tells of the birthday of a nation. When Israel entered Egypt, it was as a family. When they made their exit from Egypt, it was as a nation. The interesting point is that God puts the emphasis on the family here because the family comprises the building blocks out of which the nation was made.


INSIGHT: All the time that Israel was in bondage, the Lord made them the bricks of the family for the building of a nation out of the straws of individuals. An old saying says, “No nation is stronger than the families of that nation.”


B. We see the blood of a lamb. (Exodus 12:3)


(Exodus 12:3) Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house.


1. The lamb and the family.


There are two noticeable points of emphasis in verse three: (1) the lamb, and (2) the family. The Israelites have become a nation and the Lord is going to deliver them, but He will do it by families and by the individuals in the family.


2. The blood and the doorpost.


There was to be a lamb in every house. The lamb, of course, speaks of the blood that will be put on the doorpost.


C. We see that the lamb is totally sufficient. (Exodus 12:4)


(Exodus 12:4) And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.


1. Each family was to have a lamb.


This verse does not say anything about the lamb being too little for the household. This would not happen; the lamb is sufficient.


INSIGHT: It is possible, however, that the household might be too little for the lamb. God is interested in each individual member of the family. Each family was to have a lamb, but what if a man and his wife were childless or had married children who lived apart from them? This couple is then supposed to join with a neighbor who is in the same position and divide the lamb. Each individual in each family is to receive a part of the lamb.


2. The Passover is a family affair.


The celebration of the Jewish Feast of the Passover is to be a personal, private matter. It is redemption for the nation, yes, but it centers in the family. It must be received and accepted by each individual member in the family. The Passover is a family affair.


INSIGHT: We have come to a fateful night in the land of Egypt. The final plague is about to descend upon the people. The Israelites in the land of Goshen were spared during the last three plagues, and God’s people were delivered from judgment, but they were not redeemed. Now they have to be redeemed and exhibit faith in the blood of the lamb.


D. We see the true Lamb of God. (Exodus 12:5)


(Exodus 12:5) Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats.


This portion of Scripture is quite interesting. Note that each family had a lamb. Thousands of lambs must have been slain that evening, but the sixth verse reads, “Israel shall kill it in the evening.”


These many lambs were speaking of another Lamb. God looked at all of these lambs as that one Lamb, the Lord Jesus Christ, who was the Passover, offered for us. This feast was pointing to the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ into the world.


II. THE PASSOVER MEAL. (Exodus 12:6-11)


A. The children are included in the feast. (Exodus 12:6-7)


(Exodus 12:6-7) And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.


1. The coming of the death angel.


The Hebrews were to put the blood of the lamb outside on the door. Upon seeing the blood, the death angel would pass over the house. Inside the home the family is eating the lamb, and by faith they are partaking of the Passover meal.


2. The ignorance of young children.


The young children do not know what is taking place. Will they be left behind in Egypt when Israel goes out from the land? If a little one has not yet reached the age of accountability, will he be slain? NO! The blood of the lamb covers everyone in the family.


INSIGHT: I believe that when the Lord Jesus Christ returns in the Rapture (1 Thessalonians 4:13-18) He will NOT leave small children behind at that time any more than He left them behind when the Israelites were redeemed and left the land of Egypt.


B. The symbolism of the Passover feast. (Exodus 12:8)


(Exodus 12:8) And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.


Each instruction connected with this feast had a specific meaning and message. This verse speaks of the fellowship of the family. The family entered into the celebration of the Passover “together.”


1. Fire.


We are also told in this verse that they were to eat the flesh of the lamb roast with fire. Fire speaks of judgment. There must be judgment of sin.


2. Leaven.


They were to eat the lamb with unleavened bread. Leaven speaks of sin, and unleavened bread speaks of Christ as the One we are to feed upon.


3. Bitter herbs.


They were also to partake of this meal with bitter herbs. Although there are different meanings attached to these herbs, in this context I believe it means that our experience will not always be sweet after we have received Jesus Christ as Savior. The bitter herbs go with redemption.


C. The meal instructions for the Passover feast. (Exodus 12:9-11)


(Exodus 12:9-11) Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof. 10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire. 11 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the Lord's passover.


1. Don’t eat it raw.


This sacrifice could not be eaten raw because it spoke of the judgment of sin in human lives, and this requires sacrifice and the fire of judgment. When a person comes to Christ, he comes as a sinner.


2. Don’t soak it in water.


The sacrifice was not to be soaked with water. This simply means that we must trust Christ and Him alone. Unfortunately there are many today who are trusting in water for their salvation. Everything was to be roasted. It was the judgment of fire.


III. THE PASSOVER’S PURPOSE. (Exodus 12:12-14)


(Exodus 12:12-14) 12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the Lord. 13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt. 14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the Lord throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.


A. God said, “When I see the blood.”


On that night of the first Passover, the Hebrew people were told that some of the blood of the sacrificed lamb was to be applied to the top and the sides of the doorframes (the sign of the cross?). Then they were to eat the unleavened bread in haste. The Lord would “pass through” the land of Egypt and kill the “firstborn” among both people and livestock. God was judging “all the gods of Egypt.”


B. God said, “The blood is for ALL people.”


For the Hebrews, the Lord promised to “pass over” (not kill the first born) in any houses with blood on the doorframes. The Hebrews were not saved because they were the seed of Abraham. If the Egyptians had obeyed God’s command, they, too, would have been saved. God said, “When I see the blood, I will pass over you.


C. God said, “The blood is not just a sign.”


God said that when he saw the blood, he would pass over that home. The blood was not some mystic or superstitious sign.


A great principle runs all the way through the Word of God that without shedding of blood, there is no remission of sins. In other words, God cannot arbitrarily or big-heartedly shut His eyes to sin and do nothing about it, any more than can a judge today when the guilty are brought before him. The judge should apply the law to the guilty, and the penalty should be paid.


D. God said, “The blood satisfies God’s law.”


Part of our problem in America today is the laxity in law enforcement. But God’s law is unavoidable in the universe -- “The soul that sinneth, it shall die.” The death sentence is upon all of us. But God is gracious, and an innocent life may be substituted for the guilty. Up until Christ came, it was a lamb. Then Jesus Christ was “…the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world” (John 1:29). If we receive Jesus Christ, we are saved from the judgment that we deserve as sinners.


The Passover Picture
by Herbert Vander Lugt


The day of Israel’s first Passover was full of excitement and mystery for the Hebrew boys and girls. They saw their fathers roast lambs over an open fire. They watched them sprinkle blood from the lambs on the sides and tops of the doorframes of their houses. They listened with wide-eyed wonder as their fathers told them that an angel of death would kill the firstborn in every house that was not marked by the blood.


In the evening, wearing their sandals and dressed for immediate departure, family members gathered in groups just large enough to consume a whole lamb. They ate the Passover meal, which included bitter herbs and bread made without yeast. After midnight they gathered up their possessions and left Egypt to begin a new way of life as a free people.


Israel’s slavery in Egypt pictures for us (as believers in Christ) the bondage to sin from which we have been delivered. The slaughtered lamb points to Jesus Christ, “our Passover, [who] was sacrificed for us” (1 Corinthians 5:7). The sprinkling of the blood speaks of the act of faith by which we receive salvation.


Have you experienced the joy of salvation that comes to those who put their trust in the Lamb of God? – Adapted from Herbert Vander Lugt, Our Daily Bread, August 14, 1999


All praise to the Lamb, accepted I am,
Through faith in the Savior's adorable name;
In Him I confide, His blood is applied;
For me He has suffered, for me He has died.


CONCLUSION: This is the establishment of the Passover Feast for the Jewish people. In the Book of Leviticus there are instructions given for the Passover Feast and then the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which actually was part of it, but took place after the Passover Feast.


This is a feast of fellowship for those within the home. It is a duty, of course – the Lord commanded it -- and it is also a privilege. They were to have fellowship with the Lord.


THOUGHT TO REMEMBER: The Lamb who died to save us is the Shepherd who lives to lead us.”


* * *


REFERENCES: References used in the Bible study are the King James Bible (KJV), Dr. J. Vernon McGee © Thru the Bible Radio Network ( www.ttb.org ), the Scofield Study Bible, the Believer’s Bible Commentary, Dr. Charles J. Woodbridge Bible Outlines, Dr. Lee Roberson’s Sermons, Dr. Charles Stanley: ( http://www.intouch.org/ ), Don Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Women’s Study Bible, The Bible Reader’s Companion Ed. 3, The Nelson Study Bible: New King James Version, KJV Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the New Testament ed. 4, Dr. David Jeremiah: ( http://www.davidjeremiah.org/site/ ), Dr. Cliff Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the Old Testament, With the Word Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s “Be” Series: Old & New Testaments, RBC Ministries ( http://rbc.org/ ), selected illustrations, and other references.



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