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Rev. Ronald C. Purkey, a Baptist minister, claims no originality for this Bible study outline.
However, every Bible study posted on this website has been taught by Rev. Purkey.
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SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT: Sarah and I wish the North Love Baptist Church in Rockford, Illinois a Happy 50th Anniversary on Sunday October 2, 2016. May God’s hand of blessing continue to be on the church and their ministry for our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. Speaking for all of the Charter Members of the North Love Baptist Church, “Happy 50th Anniversary!” We love you.
October 2, 2016
SCRIPTURE: Hebrews 1:1-9
INTRODUCTION: The Epistle to the Hebrews presents several interesting problems to the Bible student. Here is a book that begins like a sermon, yet ends like a letter (Hebrews -25). No author’s name is attached to it, nor is its destination clearly given.
Certain passages in this book have been wrongly used to upset Christians. We should remember that the epistle was originally given to exhort and encourage God’s people. It is important to study Hebrews in the light of all the Word of God, and not as an isolated book.
I. THE LIVING WORD OF GOD. (Hebrews 1:1-3)
A. Concerning God The Father. (Hebrews 1:1)
(Hebrews 1:1) God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,
“Sundry times” (i.e., “various times”) refers to the periods of Old Testament history. “Divers manners” (i.e., “various ways”) refers to the different methods God used to communicate, including visitations, dreams, signs, parables, and events (see Isaiah 28:10).
B. Concerning God The Son. (Hebrews 1:2)
(Hebrews 1:2) Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;
“By His Son” may be rephrased as “in such a person as a Son.” The emphasis rests on the character of the revelation. It is a revelation of the Son, a revelation not so much in what He has said as in who He is and what He has done. “Heir of all things”: Jesus will inherit everything because He is the eternal Son of God Himself (see Isaiah 9:6, 7; Micah 5:2).
His inheritance is universal dominion: He will rule over everyone and everything (see Romans 4:13; Revelation 11:15). “Made the worlds”: The Greek word for “worlds” can also mean “ages.” Thus “worlds” indicates the entire created universe, all space throughout all time. The Son is the Lord of all history. He has managed the universe throughout its history as Mediator under the Father.
C. Concerning God’s Marvelous Glory. (Hebrews 1:3)
(Hebrews 1:3) Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high:
1. The Son is “the brightness of [God’s] glory”, meaning the radiance that comes from God’s essential glory (see John 1:14; 2 Corinthians 4:4, 6).
The author of Hebrews is emphasizing that this is not a reflected brightness like the light of the moon. Instead this is an inherent brightness like a ray from the sun. Jesus’ glorious brightness comes from being essentially divine.
2. The phrase “express image” occurs only here in the New Testament and means “exact representation” or “exact character.”
In Greek literature the word was used of stamping a coin from the die. The Son is the exact representation of God’s being because He is God Himself (See, Colossians 1:15). In fact, the Greek word translated “person” here means “nature” or “being.” As Jesus said, “He who has seen me has seen the Father” (John 14:9).
3. “Upholding” means “bearing” or “carrying,” referring to movement and progress toward a final end.
The Son not only created the universe by His powerful word but also maintains and directs its course. He is the Governor of the universe. The laws of nature are His laws, and they operate at His command.
4. “Purged” means “cleansed” or “purified.”
The glory of redemption is far greater than the glory of creation. The Son of God came down not to dazzle us with His splendor but to purge our sins.
5. “Sat down” suggests the formal act of assuming the office of High Priest.
This implies a contrast to the Levitical priest, who never finished his work and never sat down (Hebrews 10:11–13).
INSIGHT: Speaking about Jesus Christ, A. T. Pierson said: “He stands absolutely alone in history; in teaching, in example, in character, an exception, a marvel, and He is Himself the evidence of Christianity”
II. MUCH BETTER THAN ANGELS. (Hebrews 1:4-6)
A. God’s Son Has A Better Name Than Angels. (Hebrews 1:4)
(Hebrews 1:4) Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.
The Son is “better than the angels”, or higher in rank, because He sits at the right hand of God the Father (verse 3) and because of His eternal inheritance. The Son has obtained a greater name than the angels. This majestic picture builds up to the dramatic invitation in Hebrews 4:16 for us to come boldly into the Son’s presence.
B. God’s Son Is Superior To Angels. (Hebrews 1:5-6)
(Hebrews 1:5-6) 5 For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son? 6 And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.
Angels are “sons” collectively, in that they were created by God (see, Job 1:6). In contrast to angels, Jesus Christ is uniquely and eternally THE SON OF GOD. He is superior to the angels. “One day 2,000 years ago, Jesus Christ sat down at the Father’s right hand after He accomplished His work as the Savior/Messiah.
On that day the eternal Son entered into the full experience of His Sonship. “I will be to Him a Father”: This passage quotes 2 Samuel 7:14 and is a prophecy of Christ as the eternal Person in whom the Davidic line and kingdom culminates.
INSIGHT: “Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten
thee” is a reference to the Resurrection
of Jesus Christ and is a quotation from Psalm 2:7. In
The Apostle Paul said that it had no reference to Bethlehem, but it referred to the Resurrection of Christ -- when Jesus was brought back from the dead. Therefore, Christ is the only One who could die for the sins of the world.
No angel could save us. Only Christ could become a man and pay the penalty, which was death (“the wages of sin is death”). He had to shed His blood, for without the shedding of blood there is no remission of sins. Therefore, He made that redemption for you and for me. Then He was brought back from the dead. Why? Because He is the Son. He was “begotten” from the dead.
III. EVERLASTING THRONE. (Hebrews 1:7-9).
A. Jesus Is Over Angels.
(Hebrews 1:7) And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.
The Son is superior to angels because He is the Sovereign who is worshiped. Christ is worshiped while the angels are “ministers,” that is, servants of God. The author of Hebrews quotes Psalm 104 because that psalm places angels in a long list of created objects which God sovereignly controls.
INSIGHT: “The word “angel” (Gr., “aggelos”) means “messenger” and may be applied to a human or divine messenger. There is an order of creatures that is supernatural, and we see that in the Scriptures.
I think it would really surprise us if we had any conception of the number of angels in the universe. They are called the “host of heaven,” and that means there are a whole lot of them.
Their numbers apparently are not diminished or added to in any way, and we have no idea how many angels there are. Angels have an important part in God’s plan, but Jesus Christ is superior to the angels.”
B. Jesus Is God.
(Hebrews 1:8) 8 But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.
“O God”: Jesus Christ is accorded the rank of full deity. The Son has an eternal “throne”, which means He possesses an eternal kingdom.
C. Jesus Is Upright.
(Hebrews 1:9) Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
“Thou hast loved righteousness and hated iniquity” is a tremendous statement. Imagine this earth being ruled by One who loves righteousness and hates iniquity!
“Fellows” (i.e., “companions”) comes from a word that means “close associates” or “partners.” The concept of believers being companions with Christ is the key in Hebrews (Hebrews 3:1, 14; 6:4; 12:8). The term refers to those who will be participants with Christ in His reign.
INSIGHT: When Jesus Christ ascended and entered the heavenly glory, He was anointed for His heavenly ministry with “the oil of gladness.” This may refer to Psalm 16:11, which the Apostle Peter referred to at Pentecost: “Thou shalt make Me full of joy with Thy countenance” (see, Acts 2:28). What a very happy scene that must have been!
Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live. – John 11:25
Westminster Abbey in London has a rich historical background. In the 10th century, Benedictine monks began a tradition of daily worship there that still continues today. The Abbey is also the burial place of many famous people, and every English monarch since ad 1066 has been crowned at the Abbey. In fact, 17 of those monarchs are also buried there -- their rule ending where it began.
No matter how grandiose their burial, world rulers rise and fall; they live and die. But another king, Jesus, though once dead, is no longer buried. In His first coming, Jesus was crowned with thorns and crucified as the “king of the Jews” (see, John 19:3, 19). Because Jesus rose from the dead in victory, we who are believers in Christ have hope beyond the grave and the assurance that we will live with Him forever. Jesus said, “Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?” (John 11:25-26).
We serve a risen King! May we gladly yield to His rule in our lives now as we look forward to the day when the “Lord God Almighty” will reign for all eternity (see, Revelation 19:6).
Thank You, Jesus, for rising from the dead and that You are alive forever.
-- Adapted from Bill Crowder, Our Daily Bread, October 18, 2015
CONCLUSION: The writer of Hebrews began his letter by extolling Jesus Christ above the earthly prophets and the angels in heaven. He went on to say that, in fact, all people will kneel before Jesus and confess Him as Lord over all creation, for God the Father has exalted the Lord Jesus and sat Him on the heavenly throne beside Him.
With such honor bestowed upon Jesus Christ for having redeemed us, it should only be natural for us to submit ourselves to Jesus’ lordship in every area of our lives.
THOUGHT TO REMEMBER: “Jesus' resurrection spelled the death of death.”
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REFERENCES: References used in these Bible studies are the King James Bible (KJV), The Moody Bible Commentary, Dr. J. Vernon McGee © Thru the Bible Radio Network ( www.ttb.org ), the Scofield Study Bible, the Believer’s Bible Commentary, Dr. Charles J. Woodbridge Bible Outlines, Dr. Lee Roberson’s Sermons, Dr. Charles Stanley: ( http://www.intouch.org/ ), Don Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Women’s Study Bible, The Bible Reader’s Companion Ed. 3, The Nelson Study Bible: New King James Version, KJV Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the New Testament ed. 4, Dr. David Jeremiah: ( http://www.davidjeremiah.org/site/ ), Dr. Cliff Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the Old Testament, Dr. Alan Carr’s The Sermon Notebook, With the Word Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s “Be” Series: Old & New Testaments, RBC Ministries ( http://rbc.org/ ), selected illustrations, and other references.
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