B i b l e S t u d y
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Rev. Ronald C. Purkey, a Baptist minister, claims no originality for this Bible study outline.
However, every Bible study posted on this website has been taught by Rev. Purkey.
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SON OF DAVID
March 9, 2014
SCRIPTURE: Psalm 89:35-37, Isaiah 9:6-7, Matthew 1:18-22
INTRODUCTION: The promises that Jehovah God made to Israel’s King David (see 2 Samuel 7:11-17; 23:5; 1 Chronicles 17:10-15) were restated throughout the Old Testament and into the New Testament until the Messiah, Jesus Christ, came. Through numerous troubles and assessments, the Lord’s spokesmen told His people Israel that divine promises like those made to King David would never fade away and could not be broken.
Such is the lesson of Psalm 89, written by a Levite, Ethan the Ezrahite (see 1 Chronicles 15:17-18), a very wise man (1 Kings 4:31), who (during an undisclosed national crisis) cried out to Jehovah, Israel's faithful God, to remember His covenant promises to King David.
With reference to these same God given promises, Old Testament prophets such as Isaiah predicted that Israel's dependable and compassionate God would one day gather again and restore Israel to their promised land. Simultaneously, the Messiah (a descendant of King David) would be eternally seated on the throne in the city of Jerusalem in Israel.
I. THE PROMISE IS RECONFIRMED. (Psalm 89:35-37; Isaiah 9:6-7)
A. The Psalmist Reaffirms The Divine Promises Previously Made To King David. (Psalm 89:35-37
1. The psalmist said that God keeps His promises. (Psalm 89:34-36)
(Psalm 89:34-36) My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips. Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto David. His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me.
At this very moment there is One sitting at the right hand of God the Father who is coming to earth to sit on the throne of David. He is the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of David.
2. The psalmist said that David’s son will sit on the throne of David. (Psalm 89:37)
(Psalm 89:37) It shall be established for ever as the moon, and as a faithful witness in heaven. Selah.
David’s Son (Jesus Christ) will sit on the throne of David forever. That fact is as established as the moon is established in the heavens, and it looks like the moon is going to be there for a long time. God will make good His covenant with David.
B. The Prophet Isaiah Describes The Descendant Of King David Who Would Ultimately Fulfill The Promises To David Forever. (Isaiah 9:1-7)
1. In Isaiah 9 the prophet looked beyond the first coming of Christ to His second coming and the establishing of the Messiah’s righteous kingdom
(Isaiah 9:1-2) Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations. The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined.
2. In the future Jehovah God, instead of protecting just a small remnant, would enlarge the whole nation of Israel. (Isaiah 9:3-5)
(Isaiah 9:3-5) 3 Thou hast multiplied the nation, and not increased the joy: they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest, and as men rejoice when they divide the spoil. For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian. For every battle of the warrior is with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but this shall be with burning and fuel of fire.
Instead of experiencing sorrow, the people would rejoice like reapers after a great harvest, soldiers after a great victory, or prisoners of war after being released from their burden of bondage.
Of course, some of this occurred when the Lord defeated Assyria in the Old Testament and delivered Jerusalem (see, Isaiah 37), but THE ULTIMATE FULFILLMENT IS STILL FUTURE. All military material will be destroyed (Isaiah 9:5) because the nations (ALL nations!) will not learn war any more (see, Isaiah 2:4).
(Isaiah 2:4) And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.
3. Isaiah 9:6-7 declares both the humanity (“A Child is born”) and the deity (“A Son is given”) of the Lord Jesus Christ.
(Isaiah 9:6-7) For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.
Notice the names that are given to the Lord Jesus Christ:
(1) “Wonderful” -- this is NOT an adjective; this is His name.
In Judges 13:18 we see the preincarnate Christ appearing as the Captain of the hosts of the Lord: “And the angel of the Lord said unto him, Why askest thou thus after my name, seeing it is secret?” “Secret” in this verse is the same word as is translated “Wonderful.”
In Matthew 11:27 the Lord Jesus said, “… no man knoweth the Son, but the Father …” The people did not know it, but He was Wonderful, and people still don’t know it in 2014. There are Christians who have trusted Christ as Savior but really don’t know how wonderful He is.
Jesus Christ is going to put down rebellion when He comes to earth the second time, and He is going to reign on earth. His name is “Wonderful!”
(2) “Counsellor” – Jesus Christ never sought the counsel of man, and He never asked for the advice of man.
“For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been his counsellor?” (Romans 11:34). God has no counsellor. The Lord Jesus Christ never called His disciples together and said, “Now, fellows, what do you think I ought to do?” We don’t read anything like that in Scripture.
The Lord called them together and said, “This is what I am going to do, because this is My Father’s will.” And Jesus Christ has been made unto us wisdom (see 1 Corinthians 1:30). Most of us are not very smart. We must go to the Lord for help.
(3) “The mighty God” -- The Hebrew word for this name is El Gibbor.
Jesus Christ is the one to whom “all power is given.” He is the omnipotent God. That little baby lying helpless on Mary’s bosom held the universe together. Jesus said, “All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.” He is the Mighty God!
(4) “The everlasting Father” -- Father of eternity.
This simply means that the Lord Jesus is the Creator of all things, even time, the ages, and the far-off purpose of all things. As the Apostle John said, “All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made” (John 1:3).
In Colossians 1:16 the Apostle Paul said, “For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him.”
Then in Hebrews 1-2 we read, “God … Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds (i.e., ages).”
Note: The translation of the Greek word aion should be “ages” instead of “worlds,” and that is the thought in the Lord’s title -- Father of eternity.
(5) “The Prince of Peace” -- Sar-Shalohim.
There can be no peace on this earth until the Messiah, the Lord Jesus Christ, is reigning. His government is not static; there is increase and growth. No two days are going to be alike when Jesus Christ is reigning.
He is going to occupy the throne of David. This is a literal throne which Jesus Christ will occupy at His second coming. Justice will be dominant in His rule. Jehovah God’s zeal, not man’s puny plans, will accomplish this.
II. THE MESSIAH, THE SON OF DAVID, IS BORN. (Matthew 1:18-22)
A. Born To A Pure Woman. (Matthew 1:18)
(Matthew 1:18) Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.
“The birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise.” Here’s the way it happened, Matthew is telling us. When Jesus’ mother, Mary, was espoused to Joseph, that is, she was engaged to him, before they came together -- they had had no sexual relationship -- she was found with child of the Holy Spirit.
B. Born To A Gentle Man. (Matthew 1:19)
(Matthew 1:19) Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a public example, was minded to put her away privily.
1. God’s Law.
The Mosaic Law was very specific at this point. It said that a woman who was guilty of being unfaithful should be stoned to death -- that was the extreme penalty. But this man Joseph, Jesus’ adopted father, was a remarkable man; he would put her away (divorce her) privately.
2. God’s Choice.
We devote a great deal of attention to Mary, and rightly so. Protestants should not let themselves be deterred from giving Mary a great deal of credit. She was a remarkable person. Remember that she was the one whom God chose to be the mother of our Lord, and God makes no mistakes. He picked the right girl.
While all of this is true, we need to remember that God also chose Joseph. God made no mistake in choosing him either. A hotheaded man would immediately have had her stoned to death or would have made her a public example by exposing her.
3. God’s Man.
But Joseph, Jesus’ adopted father, was not that kind of man. He was a gentle person. He was in love with Mary, and he did not want to hurt her in any way, although he felt that she had been unfaithful to him.
C. Born With A Clear Explanation. (Matthew 1:20)
(Matthew 1:20) But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.
In order to prevent a very tragic situation, the angel appeared to Joseph to make clear to him what was taking place. “That which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.”
D. Born As A Powerful Savior. (Matthew 1:21)
(Matthew 1:21) And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name Jesus: for he shall save his people from their sins.
The name Jesus means “Jehovah is salvation.” He shall have the name Jesus because He (the God-Man) shall save His people from their sins. Jesus is the Savior for ALL people.
E. Born As A Promised Redeemer. (Matthew 1:22-23)
(Matthew 1:22-23) Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet. Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
In Isaiah 7:14 the Prophet Isaiah said that a child would be born called “Immanuel” or “God with us.” Matthew 1:23 gives us the long-range fulfillment to the prophet’s words, since God did not literally come to live with Israel until the birth of Jesus Christ.
1. Joseph’s obedience. (Matthew 1:24)
(Matthew 1:24) Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife:
Once Joseph awoke from his dream, he did exactly what the angel commanded him to do. With great relief, he took Mary to be his wife in obedience to the word of God spoken through the angel.
2. Jesus’ birth. (Matthew 1:25)
(Matthew 1:25) And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name Jesus.
We understand this to mean that Mary and Joseph were told to abstain from sexual relations until after Jesus was born so that there would be no question that Jesus Christ was born of a virgin.
Note: The birth of Jesus Christ was different from every other birth: Jesus’ birth was a Virgin Birth! He was conceived by the Holy Spirit in Mary’s womb and born with a sinless nature. Jesus Christ is “God with us,” and He is also God like us because He took our nature and entered into human life and experience. What a wonderful Savior!
In His Hands
On his deathbed, British preacher Charles Simeon smiled brightly and asked the people gathered in his room, “What do you think especially gives me comfort at this time?”
When they all remained silent, he exclaimed, “The creation! I ask myself, ‘Did Jehovah create the world or did I?’ He did! Now if He made the world and all the rolling spheres of the universe, He certainly can take care of me. Into Jesus’ hands I can safely commit my spirit!”
Hudson Taylor, founder of China Inland Mission, in the closing months of his life said to a friend, “I am so weak. I can’t read my Bible. I can’t even pray. I can only lie still in God’s arms like a little child and trust.”
We certainly need not be fearful…. God will never forsake His redeemed children. We can rejoice that our great Creator holds us in His hands. And that’s true for every child of God. – By Henry G. Bosch, Our Daily Bread, January 1, 1994
CONCLUSION: Jesus’ adopted father, Joseph, never ran ahead of the Lord’s guidance, and he did not lag behind. Joseph just took the next step.
What is the next step for you? What step of obedience has the Lord asked you to take recently that you have yet to follow through on? Could it be a step of faith, a step of repentance, a step of forgiveness, or a step of love and reconciliation? Take the next step! When we obey the Lord it should always be “instant obedience!”
THOUGHT TO REMEMBER: “I believe that Christ was born of a Virgin because I read it in the Gospel.” -- Augustine (the great African theologian).
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REFERENCES: References used in the Bible study are the King James Bible (KJV), the Scofield Study Bible, the Believer’s Bible Commentary, Charles J. Woodbridge Bible Outlines, Lee Roberson’s Sermons, Don Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Women’s Study Bible, The Bible Reader’s Companion Ed. 3, The Nelson Study Bible: New King James Version, KJV Bible Commentary, Thru the Bible with J. Vernon McGee, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the New Testament ed. 4, Cliff Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the Old Testament, With the Word Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s “Be” Series: Old & New Testaments, selected illustrations, and other references.
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