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Rev. Ronald C. Purkey, a Baptist minister, claims no originality for this Bible study outline.

However, every Bible study posted on this website has been taught by Rev. Purkey.

To see more Bible study outlines go to “The Archives Page”: More Bible Study Outlines.

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GOD’S COVENANT WITH DAVID
October 22, 2017

 

SCRIPTURE: 2 Samuel 7:1-6, 8-10, 12-16

 

KEY VERSE: And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.  (2 Samuel 7:16)

 

INTRODUCTION:

 

·        God’s covenant with David makes 2 Samuel 7 one of the great chapters of the Bible.

 

The message of the Bible from this point on rests upon this promise that God makes to David. David desired deeply to build a temple to house the ark of God, and Nathan the prophet concurred with him in the plan.

 

·        God then appeared to Nathan to correct him, for God would not let David build the temple because he was “a bloody man.”

 

However, God gave David credit for his desire, and in turn Jehovah promised to build David a house. God promised a king and a kingdom to come in the line of David. He was referring not only to Solomon but to the Lord Jesus Christ (great David’s greater Son) and Christ’s eternal Kingdom.

 

·        God confirmed this promise with an oath (Psalm 89:34-37).

 

David understood that a King was coming in his line who would be more than a man (i.e., Jesus Christ the Messiah, and our Savior).

 

I. A GOOD BUT PRESUMPTUOUS DESIRE. (2 Samuel 7:1-6)

 

A. David Lived In A Palace. (2 Samuel 7:1)

 

(2 Samuel 7:1) And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the Lord had given him rest round about from all his enemies;

 

Let’s look at the background of these verses. We have seen that David took Jerusalem and made it his capital. Then Hiram, the king of Tyre, built David a palace on Mount Zion. Finally David brought the ark up to the city of Jerusalem. One night when David was in his palace, he began to think about the ark.

 

INSIGHT: Dr. J. Vernon McGee has said: “I think it must have been a rainy night in Jerusalem. The first night I ever spent in that city, it rained, and I thought, ‘It must have been a rainy night when David awakened and heard the pitter-patter of rain on that lovely palace that his friend Hiram had built for him.’ Then he thought of God’s ark in a tent. Perhaps he could even hear the flapping of the tent, and he thought, ‘I want to build God a house.’” – Thru the Bible with J. Vernon McGee.

 

B. God’s Ark Was In A Tent. (2 Samuel 7:2)

 

(2 Samuel 7:2) That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.

 

David called in Nathan, his prophet, and divulged to him the desires of his heart. He said, “I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.” Nathan told David to go ahead with his plans.

 

C. Nathan Approved Building A Temple. (2 Samuel 7:3)

 

(2 Samuel 7:3) And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the Lord is with thee.

 

INSIGHT: Here is a case where a prophet was wrong, and I mean “wrong.” Nathan said, “Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the Lord is with thee.” I would have said the same thing.

 

I understand how Nathan felt. David’s plans sounded good. Nathan could not think of anything better than building a house for God. But he was wrong. David was a bloody man. Long before he committed his great sin of adultery and murder, he was a bloody man.

 

D. God Corrected The Prophet Of God. (2 Samuel 7:4-6)

 

(2 Samuel 7:4-6) And it came to pass that night, that the word of the Lord came unto Nathan, saying, Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the Lord, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in? Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle.

 

God had to correct Nathan; God said, “You cannot build me a temple.” God said to him, “You are going to have to correct the word you gave to David. You go tell David that I appreciate the fact that he wants to build Me a house. I never asked him to do it. I never asked any of My people to build Me a house.”

 

It was in the heart of David, however, and God gives David credit for it. I think we make a mistake by calling it Solomon’s temple, because it was David who gathered all of the materials and made all of the arrangements with the contractor. Solomon just carried out the plans. It should be called “David’s temple!”

 

INSIGHT: God had met with His people Israel in a tent. In other words, God identified Himself with His people. That is why 2000 years ago Jesus Christ came to earth and took upon Himself our humanity.

 

John says, “And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth” (John 1:14). That word dwelt means “pitched His tent” here among us. Instead of meeting man in a flimsy tent made of linen, God met man in a flimsy tent made of flesh. He came to earth and identified Himself with us. God has always identified Himself with His people.

 

II. GOD’S PLANS FOR DAVID. (2 Samuel 7:8-10)

 

A. God Made David A King. (2 Samuel 7:8)

 

(2 Samuel 7:8) Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the Lord of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel:

 

The God of the Bible says, “You were a little shepherd boy when I chose you. And I’ve made you ruler over My people Israel.”

 

B. God Made David A Great Man. (2 Samuel 7:9)

 

(2 Samuel 7:9) And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth.

 

In God’s book David ranks as one of the greatest men who have ever lived on this earth. Compare David with any man who has ever ruled, and he is outstanding.

 

INSIGHT: One Bible scholar said: “If I understand the prophets correctly, it is God’s intention, when David is raised from the dead in the resurrection, to let him rule on this earth as regent to the Lord Jesus Christ during the Millennium.” That was the scholar’s statement.

 

C. God Made David A Promise. (2 Samuel 7:10)

 

(2 Samuel 7:10) Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime.

 

This is what God is going to do. Notice the “I will’s” of God. (1) “I will appoint a place for my people Israel;” (2) “I will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more.” That was a long time ago -- actually, God said this over three thousand years ago, and it has not yet come to pass. But God is going to make good His promises.

 

III. GOD’S PLANS FOR HIS HOUSE. (2 Samuel 7:12-16

 

A. The Lord Jesus Christ Came From The Seed Of David. (2 Samuel 7:12)

 

(2 Samuel 7:12) And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.

 

This is tremendous! We have read from the New Testament that Jesus Christ was made of the seed of David (Romans 1:3). God said to David, “I am going to set up thy seed after thee, and He will establish the kingdom.” God was not talking about Solomon. God was referring to the Lord Jesus Christ.

 

B. The Lord Jesus Christ Will One Day Sit On The Throne Of David. (2 Samuel 7:13)

 

(2 Samuel 7:13) He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.

 

Solomon is the subject here -- he is the next in line. The kingdom, however, goes beyond Solomon and looks on to the future, “I will stablish the throne of his kingdom FOREVER.” This speaks of the throne of David.

 

The Lord Jesus Christ will one day sit on the throne of David. That was the angel Gabriel’s message to the Virgin Mary. He said, “He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David” (Luke 1:32).

 

C. The Lord Jesus Christ in relation to the Nation of Israel. (2 Samuel 7:14-16)

 

(2 Samuel 7:14-16) I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men: But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee. And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.

 

1. Forever!!!

 

2. Notice the “forevers” in 2 Samuel 7:

 

a. The Lord’s throne is forever (verse 13).

 

(2 Samuel 7:13) He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.

 

b. The Lord’s kingdom is forever (verse 16).

 

(2 Samuel 7:16) And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.

 

c. The Lord’s nation is forever (verse 24).

 

(2 Samuel 7:24) For thou hast confirmed to thyself thy people Israel to be a people unto thee for ever: and thou, Lord, art become their God.

 

d. The Lord’s promise is forever (verse 25).

 

(2 Samuel 7:25) And now, O Lord God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and concerning his house, establish it for ever, and do as thou hast said.

 

e. The Lord’s blessing is forever (verse 29).

 

(2 Samuel 7:29) Therefore now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for ever before thee: for thou, O Lord God, hast spoken it: and with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever.

 

JESUS CHRIST IS PRECIOUS
By Author Unknown

 

John Newton was a rough, dirty sailor with a foul mouth and an appetite for rotten living. He hated life and life hated him. He was captain of a slave ship. Then someone placed in his hands a copy of Thomas a Kempis' book, The Imitation of Christ. He also had the gift of a good mother who told him about the Savior when he was young. And then he was saved.

 

John Newton went all over England sharing his faith. Well past his "retirement" age, he had to have an assistant stand in the pulpit with him on Sundays. He was nearly blind and spoke in whispers, but nothing could keep him from preaching while he still had breath.

 

One Sunday, while delivering his message he repeated the sentence: "Jesus Christ is precious." His helper whispered to him: "But you have already said that twice." Newton turned to his helper and said loudly, "Yes, I've said it twice, and I'm going to say it again."

 

The stones in the ancient sanctuary fairly shook as the grand old preacher said again: "Jesus Christ is precious!" – Author Unknown

 

CONCLUSION:

 

·        Two phrases in this chapter summarize the main lesson: “your seed” (2 Samuel 7:12) and “your throne” (2 Samuel 7:16).

 

This Davidic Covenant (also given in 1 Chronicles 17) is important to the program of the God of the Bible, because in it God promises certain special blessings to the Nation of Israel through David.

 

·        In His covenant with Abraham (Genesis 15), the Lord God had promised a seed, a land, and a blessing to all nations through Israel.

 

In the Davidic Covenant, God reveals that the promised Messiah would come through David’s line (Romans 1:3) and would rule from David’s throne over the promised messianic kingdom.

 

THOUGHT TO REMEMBER: “The promised Messiah of the Old Testament is the Savior Jesus Christ of the New Testament.”

 

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REFERENCES: References used in these Bible studies are the King James Bible (KJV), The Moody Bible Commentary, Dr. J. Vernon McGee © Thru the Bible Radio Network ( www.ttb.org ), the Scofield Study Bible, the Believer’s Bible Commentary, Dr. Charles J. Woodbridge Bible Outlines, Dr. Lee Roberson’s Sermons, Dr. Charles Stanley: ( http://www.intouch.org/ ), Don Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Women’s Study Bible, The Bible Reader’s Companion Ed. 3, The Nelson Study Bible: New King James Version, KJV Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the New Testament ed. 4, Dr. David Jeremiah: ( http://www.davidjeremiah.org/site/ ), Dr. Cliff Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the Old Testament, Dr. Alan Carr’s The Sermon Notebook ( www.sermonnotebook.org ), With the Word Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s “Be” Series: Old & New Testaments, RBC Ministries ( http://rbc.org/ ), selected illustrations, and other references.

 

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