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Rev. Ronald C. Purkey, an ordained Baptist minister, claims no originality for this Bible study outline.
However, every Bible study posted on this website has been taught by Rev. Purkey.
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July 21, 2019
SCRIPTURE: Matthew 5:38-48
KEY VERSES: Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy. But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you. (Matthew 5:43-44)
INTRODUCTION: Facts concerning the Sermon on the Mount.
· Matthew 5:1-2 is the reason it is known as the Sermon on the Mount:
"And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came unto him: And he opened his mouth, and taught them..."
· The Sermon on the Mount is the sermon that Jesus gave in Matthew chapters 5, 6, &-7.
· The Sermon on the Mount is the most famous sermon Jesus ever gave and, perhaps, the most famous sermon ever given by anyone.
· If we were to summarize the Sermon on the Mount in a single sentence, it would be something like this:
How to live a life that is dedicated to and pleasing to God, free from hypocrisy, full of love and grace, full of wisdom and discernment. – Adapted from Got Questions.org
I. RESPONDING TO EVIL. (Matthew 5:38-42)
A. Jesus’ Gives The Old Command. (Mathew 5:38)
(Mathew 5:38) Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.
The law said, “An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth” (Ex. 21:24; Lev. 24:20; Deut. 19:21). This was both a command to punish and a limitation on punishment -- the penalty must NOT exceed the crime. However, according to the OT, authority for punishment was vested in the government, NOT in the individual.
B. Jesus’ Gives The A New Command. (Mathew 5:39-41)
(Mathew 5:39) But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also. And if any man will sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloak also. And whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him twain.
1. Jesus went beyond the law to a higher righteousness by abolishing retaliation altogether.
Jesus showed His disciples that, whereas revenge was once legally permissible, now non-resistance was graciously possible. Jesus instructed His followers to offer no resistance to an evil person.
2. If they were slapped on one cheek by someone, they were to turn the other to him also.
If they were sued for their tunic (an inner garment), they were to surrender their cloak (an outer garment used for covering at night) as well. If an official compelled them to carry his baggage for one mile, they were to voluntarily carry it two miles.
C. Jesus Gives The Rules For Living.
(Mathew 5:42) Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away.
1. The fourth example is that of lending to him that would borrow of thee.
Jesus made it clear that a loan should be looked upon as a potential gift. When we lend something to someone, we should not expect to receive in return. Is that not impractical? Yes it is! But that which is spiritual is not always that which is practical.
2. There are many statements in Proverbs against borrowing, lending, and surety (see Prov. 6:1; 11:15; 22:7; 27:13).
While we are warned of the dangers of borrowing and lending, Jesus made it clear that the believer ought to be willing to lend to those in need.
3. Finally, even the beggar is to be ministered to.
Give to those who ask, and don’t turn away from those who want to borrow. This statement certainly forms the basis of all Christian charity and provides the proper social application of the message of the gospel to the physical needs of mankind as well as their spiritual needs.
INSIGHT: There is a great principle in these verses for us, and we should not miss that. Certainly we should be helpful to those who are in need. And there are many fine Christian acts that can be performed by believers.
Historically, hospitals, orphan homes, and works of charity (which the Bible calls acts of love) have followed the preaching of the gospel. I do not know any place on earth where they preceded the gospel, but they always followed it. There should be the fruit of good works in a believer’s life.
II. RESPONDING TO OUR ENEMIES. (Matthew 5:43-48)
A. Jesus Said We Are To Love Our Enemies. (Matthew 5:43-44)
(Matthew 5:43-44) Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy. But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you.
1. The law of love, sometimes called “law of Christ,” summarizes the ethical principle of the Sermon on the Mount.
a. “Love thy neighbor” summarizes the entire second table of the law (see Lev. 19:18–34). But the unscriptural addition “hate thine enemy” was a popular concept in Jesus’ day (i.e., The Qumran Manual of Discipline 1QS 1:4, “hate all that he has rejected”).
b. The admonition love your enemies is one of the greatest statements Jesus ever made. The love commanded in this passage is that which originates from God Himself!
INSIGHT: Mankind is not commanded to attempt to love their enemy on the basis of mere human affection but rather on the basis of a love which comes from God.
c. This kind of love holds a unique place in the New Testament Scripture, for it is the gift of God and the fruit of the Holy Spirit to the believer only. It is not something that mankind can muster within themselves. Rather, it must come from God Himself into the life of the believer (see Gal. 5:22; 1 Tim. 1:5).
2. How does a person love an enemy?
a. Notice that the passage makes it clear that he does not have to attempt to work up an artificial feeling of love. The quality of love commanded here is expressed by GIVING.
b. Bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them that persecute you. Loving an enemy involves doing good toward that enemy in order to win him over to the cause that you represent.
INSIGHT: The message, therefore, is that we will win over those who oppose us more readily with love than with hatred. It is not in the divisiveness of contention that we win our greatest converts, but in the application of the heart of the gospel and the love of Christ.
B. Jesus Said That We Are To Return Good For Evil. (Matthew 5:45-47)
(Matthew 5:45-47) That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust. For if ye love them which love you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the same? And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more than others? do not even the publicans so?
1. The world’s response.
It is a natural tendency of human beings to love those who love them; therefore Jesus reminds that we are to love our enemies as our brethren, for “even the publicans” love those who love them (Matthew 5:46-47).
2. The saved people’s response.
Publicans were public officials of Jewish nationality who worked for the Roman government as tax collectors and were generally despised by the people. The idea here is that even the most hated people of the day loved their own friends. Therefore, the true child of God is to have a quality of love that goes beyond that of the world.
INSIGHT: Jesus gave several reasons for this admonition:
(1) This love is a mark of maturity.
Our response proves that we are sons [children] of the Father, and not just little children.
(2) This love is Godlike.
The Father shares His good things with those who oppose Him. Matthew 5:45 suggests that our love “creates a climate” of blessings that makes it easy to win our enemies and make them our friends. Love is like the sunshine and rain that the Father sends so graciously.
(3) This love is a testimony to others.
“What do ye more than others?” is a good question. God expects us to live on a much higher plane than the lost people of the world who return good for good and evil for evil. As Christians, we must return good for evil as an investment of love.
C. Jesus Said That We Are To Be Perfect. (Matthew 5:48)
(Matthew 5:48) Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.
1. How is it possible for you and me to be perfect?
We are accepted in Christ, in the beloved. There is no condemnation to them which are in Christ, and we get in Christ by faith in Him. The only way we can become perfect is through our faith in Christ -- Christ imputes to us His righteousness. Next then begins the slow process of sanctification in which God attempts to conform us to the image of His Son. This, of course, should be the goal of every believer.
2. But seeking to attain perfection BY OUR OWN EFFORTS is absolutely futile.
Do you think that you can go to God and say, “Look what I have done; look how wonderful I am,” trying to get all the glory for yourself and to force God to save you on that basis? My friend, you are going to do nothing of the kind because you and I are not perfect. You and I are NOT good by God’s standards. We need a Savior.
As we have seen in Mathew chapter five the King (Jesus Christ) speaks of the righteousness which His subjects must possess. And it must be a righteousness to exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees. The Pharisees had a religious righteousness.
INSIGHT: Nicodemus was an outstanding man, and he was religious. You can’t find much `to criticize about him. But our Lord said to him, “You must be born again” (see John 3:1–8). We now have to have a righteousness superior to that of the scribes and the Pharisees, and it can only come through trust in Jesus Christ.
Satisfaction of Soul
By Billy Graham
And thou shalt rejoice in every good thing which the Lord thy God hath given unto thee,… (Deuteronomy 26:11)
Often the Church has banged away negatively at evils without reminding us that God is tremendously interested in our finding a satisfying way of life here and now. We Christians have talked so much of the negative side of Christian experience that we have forgotten to emphasize the positive, joyous, thrilling, and victorious experience of daily fellowship with Christ.
God declared that things will not satisfy. God satisfies! This is the secret of soul-satisfaction: Let your soul delight itself in fatness. Remove the obstructions, tear down the barriers, and let your soul find the fulfillment of its deepest longings in fellowship with God.
-- Adapted from Billy Graham, Billy Graham Evangelistic Association’s daily devotion, July 18, 2019
CONCLUSION: What have we learned today from Mathew chapter 5?
A. We learned that we need the good life that God gives when we TRUST HIM.
B. The good life that God gives:
1. Provides us with (1) a right relationship with GOD which leads to (2) a right relationship with OTHERS …
2. The result will be (1) satisfaction, (2) fulfillment, and (3) contentment.
C. Do you have a right relationship with GOD today?
1. Do you have a right relationship with OTHERS?
2. Make your decision right now and settle this with God and others, once and for all!
THOUGHT TO REMEMBER: “There are no words to describe my gratitude to You, my Lord and Savior, for Your loving kindness. Accept my praise and love.”
REFERENCES: References used in these Bible studies are the King James Bible (KJV), The Moody Bible Commentary, Dr. J. Vernon McGee © Thru the Bible Radio Network (www.ttb.org), the Scofield Study Bible, the Believer’s Bible Commentary, Dr. Charles J. Woodbridge Bible Outlines, Dr. Lee Roberson’s Sermons, Dr. Charles Stanley: (http://www.intouch.org/), Don Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Women’s Study Bible, The Bible Reader’s Companion Ed. 3, The Nelson Study Bible: New King James Version, KJV Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the New Testament ed. 4, Dr. David Jeremiah: (http://www.davidjeremiah.org/site/), Dr. Cliff Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the Old Testament, Dr. Alan Carr’s The Sermon Notebook, Got Questions? (https://www.gotquestions.org/), With the Word Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s “Be” Series: Old & New Testaments, RBC Ministries (http://rbc.org/), selected illustrations, and other references.
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