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Rev. Ronald C. Purkey, a Baptist minister, claims no originality for this Bible study outline.
However, every Bible study posted on this website has been taught by Rev. Purkey.
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THE LAMB OF GOD
March 1, 2015
SCRIPTURE: John 1:29-34
KEY VERSE: And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God. (John 1:34)
BACKGROUND: The following is a brief outline of chapter one of the Gospel of John.
· Jesus Christ Is The Creator (John 1:1–14).
· Jesus Christ Is The Savior (John 1:15–34).
· Jesus Christ Is The King (John 1:49).
· Jesus Christ Is The Master (John 1:35–51).
INTRODUCTION: The theme of John’s Gospel is that “Jesus is the Son of God” (John 20:30-31). In this first chapter of John’s Gospel, he proves his claim.
(John 20:30-31) “And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book: But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.”
As we read this wonderful chapter, we cannot help but see that Jesus Christ is God’s Son because of (1) the names and titles Jesus bears, (2) the works Jesus performs, and (3) the witnesses who knew Jesus personally and declare who He is.
I. GOD’S LAMB. (John 1:29-31)
A. Jesus Christ Is The “Lamb Of God.” (John 1:29)
(John 1:29) The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.
1. These events take place on the second day of the week that the Apostle John recorded.
No doubt some of the same people were present to hear John the Baptist’s message. This time, he called Jesus “the Lamb of God,” a title John would repeat the next day (John 1:35-36). In one sense, the message of the Bible can be summed up in this title, “The Lamb of God.”
The question in the Old Testament is, “Where is the lamb?” (Genesis 22:7). In Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John the emphasis is “Behold the Lamb of God!” Here He is! After a person has trusted Jesus Christ as Savior, he sings with the heavenly choir, “Worthy is the Lamb!” (Revelation 5:12).
2. The people of Israel were familiar with lambs for the sacrifices.
(1) During the Passover, each family had to have a lamb; and (2) during the year, two lambs a day were sacrificed at the temple altar, (3) plus all the other lambs brought for personal sacrifices. The lambs were brought by men to men, but here is God’s Lamb, given by God to men!
The lambs brought by men to men could not take away sin, but the Lamb of God can take away sin. The lambs brought by men to men were for Israel alone, but this Lamb (Jesus Christ) would shed His blood for the whole world!
3. John points Jesus out here.
Jesus Christ is the Savior. He is not only the Messiah; He is also the Savior. He is a very great Savior for He is the Lamb of God. He is the complete Savior because He takes away sin. He is the almighty Savior because He takes away the sin of the world. He is the perpetual Savior because He “taketh” away -- present tense. Anyone can come to Him at any time.
4. God provided the sacrificial Lamb.
Here we find the fulfillment of the answer that Abraham had given to Isaac those many years ago. Isaac had said, “… Behold the fire and the wood: but where is the lamb for a burnt offering? And Abraham said, My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering …” (Genesis 22:7–8). John tells us that Jesus is that Lamb.
5. This proves that Abel was right
This proves that Cain was wrong and Abel was right. Abel brought a little lamb. All the lambs that were slain on Jewish altars down through the ages now find their fulfillment in Him. John marks Him out. “Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.”
The Old Testament Sacrifices
By Ray Stedman
Once again, if you read through the Old Testament, you will find it is a revelation of unexplained sacrifices. Abel, the son of Adam, offered a lamb to God and God smiled upon that sacrifice. Later Abraham made offerings unto God. Then the children of Israel were taught at the foot of Mount Sinai to bring certain animals to slay and to offer the blood and meat of those animals unto God.
Many are offended by the fact that the Old Testament is replete with animal sacrifices, of actual blood being spilled. Every morning and every evening there were animals slain in the temple in Jerusalem. On the great feast days of Israel thousands of animals were sacrificed. A stream of blood runs all through the Old Testament. But nowhere are these sacrifices ever explained. In Leviticus we read, "the life of the flesh is in the blood" (Leviticus 17:11), and it is clear there would be no remission of sins without the shedding of blood. But nowhere is it explained why God demands blood.
Every sacrifice, however, was a testimony that Someone was coming who would supply that explanation. Now, at last, there is an answer to the cry of Isaac, as Abraham his father was taking him upon the mountain to offer him, "Father, where is the lamb?" and Abraham replied, "God will provide a lamb." Centuries later, as John sees Jesus coming toward him, knowing who he was, having baptized him six weeks earlier, he says to the crowd, "Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world." Here is the one who will fulfill all the promise of the sacrifices of the Old Testament. – Ray Stedman from his website library
B. Jesus Christ Is The real Baptizer. (John 1:30-31)
(John 1:30-31) This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man which is preferred before me: for he was before me. And I knew him not: but that he should be made manifest to Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water.
John is saying that Jesus is the real Baptizer. We might call Him Jesus the Baptizer. He is the One who will baptize with the Holy Spirit and with fire.
When John says, "And I knew him not," he means, "I did not know him as the Messiah, as the Lamb of God." John was Jesus' cousin; they must have known each other as boys. In those tightly knit Hebrew families it would have been unthinkable that they did not know each other. But even Jesus' own brothers did not understand who he was, though they grew up with him. John says, "I didn't know who He was. I had heard some strange things about Him, as I had learned some strange things about myself, but I didn't know who He was until I came baptizing with water. I was sent to baptize in order that I might come to know who He was."
II. GOD’S SON. (John 1:32-34)
A. What John The Baptist Did. (John 1:32-33)
(John 1:32-33) And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him. And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.
1. John baptized by immersion.
What does John the Baptist’s baptism have to do with Jesus Christ as the Lamb of God? It is generally accepted by Bible scholars of all denominations that, in the New Testament, baptism was by immersion. Baptism pictured death, burial, and resurrection.
2. John baptized Jesus Christ.
When John the Baptist baptized Jesus Christ, both were picturing the “baptism” Jesus Christ would endure on the cross of Calvary when Jesus would die as the sacrificial Lamb of God (Isaiah 53:7; Luke 12:50). It was through death, burial, and resurrection that the Lamb of God “fulfilled all righteousness” (Matthew 3:15).
B. What John The Baptist Heard. (John 1:33-34)
(John 1:33-34) And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost. And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God.
1. John wanted to be sure who Jesus is.
Maybe John the Baptist thought that he was mistaken. Perhaps he was not certain that Jesus of Nazareth was the Lamb of God or the Son of God.
2. God the Father wanted John to know who Jesus is.
God the Father made it clear to John the Baptist just who Jesus is by sending the Holy Spirit like a dove to light on Jesus. This is a beautiful picture of the Trinity – (1) God the Father, (2) God the Son, and (3) God the Holy Spirit!
That is a claim to deity. Every Hebrew would understand that if you say of someone, "He is the son of something," you are claiming that he is characterized by that very thing. If you say that he is the son of peace, he is characterized by peace; if he is the son of encouragement, that is the kind of a person he is. And if Jesus is the Son of God, then he is God himself. That is what John claims.
3. Everybody ought to know who Jesus is.
The claim to deity is a greater claim than to say that Jesus is the Messiah. As the Messiah, Jesus is no longer on this planet. As the Messiah, two thousand years ago he ascended into the heavens; and He has been seated at the right hand of the Father in heaven waiting to come back again. He is not here, as the Messiah. We join with our Jewish friends in looking for the coming of the Messiah because He is not yet here in that capacity.
But, as the Son of God, Jesus Christ is the One standing right in our midst. Jesus Christ is the Lord and the Savior.
Jesus Is Standing In Our Midst
By Ray Stedman
I spoke in Phoenix yesterday at a singles' conference. There was a fine young singer there from the Los Angeles area who sang several great songs that both blessed us and entertained us. Some of the songs were on the theme of what happens after we go to be with the Lord -- the hope of a believer of life beyond this life, the glory of it, the expectation of being with friends and loved ones, of seeing the Lord Jesus face to face. But one of his songs particularly moved everybody there. We could feel the tug of the Spirit as he sang. The words were something along these lines:
"There is plenty of power in this place, enough to do what you need to do. There is love here, plenty of love, enough to reach out to all the loveless, hungry and forsaken among us and fill them. There is hope here, enough hope to dispel all the gloom of any heart present. And the reason why all this is true is because Jesus, the very same Jesus, is standing in our midst." – Ray Stedman from his website library
That is what John declared: there is One standing among you whom, perhaps you know not, but He is the fulfiller of all the promises of old, all the predictions of the Old Testament. He is the answer to all the unexplained sacrifices; He is the satisfier of the unfulfilled longings of men, because he is the Son of God. That is the good news for us today. Question: “Have you accepted Jesus Christ as your Lord and your Savior?”
CONCLUSION: “Again the next day after John stood, and two of his disciples; And looking upon Jesus as he walked, he saith. Behold the Lamb of God!” (John 1:35-36).
· Before it was “the Lamb of God that taketh away the sin of the world.” That is the WORK of Jesus Christ.
· Now it is “Behold the Lamb of God!” Jesus Christ is the Lamb in His PERSON.
We see that John baptized Jesus and that Jesus was identified by the Holy Spirit. So, looking upon Jesus Christ as He walked, John says, “Behold the Lamb of God!” John the Baptist was sure; John the Baptist knew who Jesus is! Do you?
THOUGHT TO REMEMBER: “Let our days be filled with a longing -- and the opportunities -- to tell our story of Jesus.”
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REFERENCES: References used in the Bible study are the King James Bible (KJV), Dr. J. Vernon McGee © Thru the Bible Radio Network ( www.ttb.org ), the Scofield Study Bible, the Believer’s Bible Commentary, Dr. Charles J. Woodbridge Bible Outlines, Dr. Lee Roberson’s Sermons, Dr. Charles Stanley: ( http://www.intouch.org/ ), Don Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Women’s Study Bible, The Bible Reader’s Companion Ed. 3, The Nelson Study Bible: New King James Version, KJV Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the New Testament ed. 4, Dr. David Jeremiah: ( http://www.davidjeremiah.org/site/ ), Dr. Cliff Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the Old Testament, With the Word Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s “Be” Series: Old & New Testaments, RBC Ministries ( http://rbc.org/ ), selected illustrations, and other references.
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