B i b l e S t u d y
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Rev. Ronald C. Purkey, a Baptist minister, claims no originality for this Bible study outline.
However, every Bible study posted on this website has been taught by Rev. Purkey.
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JESUS PROMISES AN ADVOCATE
March 8, 2015
SCRIPTURE: John 14:15-26
KEY VERSE: But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you. (John 14:26)
A. Jesus began to instruct His disciples.
Realizing the need of a “whole heart,” Jesus began to instruct His disciples concerning their hearts. He had told them how to get and keep clean hearts, how to have calm hearts, and how to have praying hearts. Today, we want to consider a passage of Scripture which deals with why we can and should have courageous hearts in this world.
B. Jesus wanted His disciples to know the way.
There is nothing quite as unsettling as walking in darkness, not knowing the way. How much better to have someone with us who has the ability to protect us from hazards along the way. For three years, the disciples depended upon Jesus Christ for everything. He Took care of the storms, supplied their every need, and answered the critics.
It was easy to be His disciple as long as He was by their side, but now Jesus was preparing to leave them. He would not be there to talk with them and help them in times of trouble. The disciples began to feel lonely, weak, and without direction.
C. Jesus came to them with words of assurance.
Notice in verse 18 Christ said that He would not abandon His children. He would send them another (of the same kind) comforter. With this new Comforter (the Holy Spirit) would come the courage to face whatever need be. Consider with me today why the presence of the Holy Spirit would bring courage to their hearts and ours in 2015.
I. THE PROMISE OF THE HOLY SPIRIT. (John 14:15-21)
A. Jesus teaches the disciples about prayer. (John 14:13-15)
Note: Let us backtrack and consider what John 14:13-15 has to say. What does it mean to ask in the name of Christ? To pray in His Person means to be standing in His place. It means to be fully identified with Him, joined to Christ. It means that you and I are pleading the merits of His blessed Son when we stand before God.
1. We should present our requests in the proper manner. (John 14:13)
(John 14:13) And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son.
We have no standing of our own before God at all. He does not hear my prayer because of who I am, and He does not hear your prayer because you are who you are. He hears our prayers when they are in the name of Christ. This is not just a little phrase that we tag on to the end of our prayer closing with “in Jesus’ name.” Praying in His name is presenting it in His merit and for His glory.
2. We should pray in the name of Jesus and for the glory of God. (John 14:14)
(John 14:14) If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it.
“That will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son.” A prayer that will enable God to be glorified in the Son is the prayer that He will answer. So, when we pray in the name of Jesus and for the glory of God, we are not praying for something selfishly for ourselves. We are praying for Him. We are praying that the Father may be glorified in the Son.
3. We should love Christ, and we should obey Him. (John 14:15)
(John 14:15) If ye love me, keep my commandments.
Also, it depends on our obedience to Christ. This promise is given to those who love Him, and the evidence of their love is the keeping of His commandments. Love will be demonstrated by obedience to Christ.
An undisciplined Christian cannot say that he loves the Lord Jesus. How are you doing in that area, friend? Do you love Him? Are you keeping His commandments because you love Him today?
Dr. Harry Ironside was sitting on a platform with a young pastor during a meeting one night. A young lady entered the meeting and the pastor told him that she formerly had been an active leader among his members, then had begun to run with the world, and that this was the first time he had seen her in church in months. Dr. Ironside preached on John chapter 14 that night.
She was greatly incensed and came to see him after the meeting. “How dare you tell these people that if you ask anything in the name of Jesus, He will do it!” she fumed. Dr. Ironside answered, “Why don’t you sit down and tell me about it?” She told him that her father had been desperately ill some months before, and while the doctor was up in his room, she had knelt in the living room, claimed that promise, and prayed in Jesus’ name for his recovery.
When the doctor came down from the room, he told her that her father was dead. “Now,” she said, “don’t tell me that God keeps His promises!” Dr. Ironside said, “Did you read the next verse, ’If ye love me, keep my commandments’?” Then Dr. Ironside asked her what would happen if she found a check made out to someone else and tried to cash it by signing that name. She said “I would be a forger.”
So he referred her to this verse, “If ye love me, keep my commandments.” Then he asked her, “Have you been doing that?” Instead of replying, she turned red. Then he explained that what she was trying to do was the same thing as trying to cash a check made out to somebody else. We all need to recognize, friend, that obedience to Him is the evidence of our love for Him, and this promise is given to those who love Him. – Dr. J. Vernon McGee, Thru the Bible with J. Vernon McGee
B. Jesus promises the disciples about the coming Holy Spirit. (John 14:16-17)
(John 14:16-17) And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.
1. Holy Spirit.
This is a unique fact of this age in which we are living. The Holy Spirit was here on earth before Pentecost, but on the Day of Pentecost He came to indwell believers. That was the thing which was new.
2. The Comforter.
“Holy” and “Spirit” describe Him, but Comforter is His name, if He has a name. It is a very fitting name, as com means “along side of” and fortis means “strong.” He is the strong One who abides with us forever.
3. The Teacher.
He does not say that the world would not receive the Spirit of truth. He says the world cannot receive Him. Oh, if we could learn this! The Spirit of God can take the Word of God and open it to the believer, but the unsaved man must first believe in Jesus Christ as his Savior.
The man of the world cannot see Him because He is seen and worshiped in spirit and truth. He is seen with the spiritual eye. It is only by the Spirit of God that these eyes and ears can be opened to understand the Word of God.
The Holy Spirit is the teacher to lead and guide us into truth. Without Him, the Bible becomes a book of history, a book of facts. The Holy Spirit teaches the truths of the Bible. The Holy Spirit has been in the world, but Jesus says that now He “shall be in you.”
C. Jesus comforts the disciples about His return to Heaven. (John 14:18)
(John 14:18) I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you.
The Greek word for comfortless is orphanos which means “orphans.” Jesus says that He will not leave us orphans but will come to us in the person of the Holy Spirit.
D. Jesus encourages the disciples about the future. (John 19-20)
(John 19-20) Yet a little while, and the world seeth me no more; but ye see me: because I live, ye shall live also. At that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you.
What is “that day?” It is the day you and I are living in. It is the day that began with Pentecost.
“Ye in me, and I in you” is the most profound statement in the Gospel of John or in the whole Bible. They are all monosyllabic words so that a little child can understand them; yet no philosopher can plumb the depths of their meaning. “You in Me” -- that is salvation.
To be saved means to be in Christ. God sees everyone as either in Christ or out of Christ. You are either in Him by faith or you are out of Him with your sins still upon you.
If you are in Christ, then God sees you in Christ, and His righteousness is your righteousness. You stand complete in Him. “I in you” -- is sanctification. That is Christian living down here. Is Christ living in you?
The Apostle Paul says, “I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me” (Galatians 2:20).
E. Jesus instructs the disciples about obedience. (John 14:21)
(John 14:21) He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him.
Don’t say that you love Christ if you are not obeying Him. He is making this very clear here. Jesus is going to manifest Himself to the one who loves Him. Don’t think this will be a manifestation by a vision.
Later Jesus says that it is the Holy Spirit who will take the things of Jesus and show them to you. Where does He do this? In the Scriptures! That is where Jesus is manifested. We must read the Bible!
II. THE PROMISE OF JESUS’ PRESENCE. (John 14:22-24)
A. The disciple’s question. (John 14:22)
(John 14:22) Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that thou wilt manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world?
Judas is saying, “Lord, this is wonderful to be here and hear you say these things, but have you forgotten the world?” Here is the first missionary, by the way. The Lord Jesus answers him and His answer is the rest of the chapter.
B. The Lord’s answer. (John 14:23-24)
(John 14:23-24) Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him. He that loveth me not keepeth not my sayings: and the word which ye hear is not mine, but the Father’s which sent me.
The way the world is going to find out about the Lord Jesus is through us, and obedience is imperative. Profession is not worth anything. Church membership is not really worth anything.
The issue is our love for Him evidenced by our obedience. How about your love for Him? Does it discipline you? Is He real to you? These are the things that are important.
III. THE PROMISE OF CORRECT TEACHING. (John 14:25-26)
A. Jesus reminded the disciples about the coming Holy Spirit. (John 14:25)
(John 14:25) These things have I spoken unto you, being yet present with you.
1. Jesus hasn’t forgotten the world.
In fact, Jesus is thinking of the world. He has called these apostles into the Upper Room and has given them the truth so that they might take it to the world in the power of the Holy Spirit. The only way the truth can be given to the world is through these men.
2. Jesus used men to write the Bible.
John was one of those men, and he has written this Gospel of John for us in the power of the Holy Spirit. Jesus assures them that the Holy Spirit will teach them all things and bring all things to their remembrance. It is evident that He did just that.
B. Jesus emphasized the ministry of the Holy Spirit. (John 14:26)
(John 14:26) But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.
1. The indwelling of the Holy Spirit.
The indwelling Holy Spirit guides the conscience of believers. He is our teacher and the curriculum is the Word of God.
2. The inspiration of the Scriptures.
The inspiration of the Scriptures is one effect of the teaching ministry of the Holy Spirit in the lives of the early disciples. The Holy Spirit brought the words of Jesus to their minds, along with the true meaning of His declarations. Various believers recorded what Christ said, and these writings became part of what is now the New Testament.
By Poh Fang Chia
Each morning when I reach my office, I have one simple habit -- check all my emails. Most of the time, I’ll work through them in a perfunctory fashion. There are some emails, however, that I’m eager to open. You guessed it -- those from loved ones.
Someone has said that the Bible is God’s love letter to us. But perhaps on some days, like me, you just don’t feel like opening it and your heart doesn’t resonate with the words of the psalmist: “Oh, how I love Your law!” (Psalm 119:97). The Scriptures are “Your commandments” (vs. 98), “Your testimonies” (vs. 99), “Your precepts” (vs. 100), “Your word” (vs. 101, emphasis added).
A question by Thomas Manton (1620–1677), once a lecturer at Westminster Abbey, still holds relevance for us today. He asked: “Who is the author of Scripture? God. . . . What is the end of Scripture? God. Why was the Scripture written, but that we might everlastingly enjoy the blessed God?”
It is said of some people that the more you know them the less you admire them; but the reverse is true of God. Familiarity with the Word of God, or rather the God of the Word, breeds affection, and affection seeks yet greater familiarity.
As you open your Bible, remember that God -- the One who loves you the most -- has a message for you. -- Poh Fang Chia, Our Daily Bread, January 9, 2015
CONCLUSION: The Holy Spirit is a helper, a companion, a teacher, and a source of flowing refreshing water. He is ours to be received by faith. With such a supply of energy, the disciples were more prepared to face the dark nights ahead of them. Their fearful hearts were strengthened and encouraged when they heard that Jesus Christ would still be with them in the Person of the Holy Spirit. (Christ by His spirit is with us, too!) Courage does not depend on who you are but on who is standing beside you.
THOUGHT TO REMEMBER: “Knowing the Bible helps us know the God of the Bible.”
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REFERENCES: References used in the Bible study are the King James Bible (KJV), Dr. J. Vernon McGee © Thru the Bible Radio Network ( www.ttb.org ), the Scofield Study Bible, the Believer’s Bible Commentary, Dr. Charles J. Woodbridge Bible Outlines, Dr. Lee Roberson’s Sermons, Dr. Charles Stanley: ( http://www.intouch.org/ ), Don Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Women’s Study Bible, The Bible Reader’s Companion Ed. 3, The Nelson Study Bible: New King James Version, KJV Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the New Testament ed. 4, Dr. David Jeremiah: ( http://www.davidjeremiah.org/site/ ), Dr. Cliff Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the Old Testament, With the Word Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s “Be” Series: Old & New Testaments, RBC Ministries ( http://rbc.org/ ), selected illustrations, and other references.
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