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Rev. Ronald C. Purkey, a Baptist minister, claims no originality for this Bible study outline.

However, every Bible study posted on this website has been taught by Rev. Purkey.

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August 2, 2015


SCRIPTURE: Isaiah 59:15-21


KEY VERSE: And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the Lord. (Isaiah 59:20)


BACKGROUND: Here are some important Bible teachings about God’s promises to the nation of Israel.


·        Has God Forsaken His People Israel?


Some things are non-negotiable. God’s covenant with Israel is one of them. How could He have made Himself more clear?


He gave His oath to Abram, and reiterated it six more times to Abraham, to his son Isaac and to his grandson Jacob. On one occasion, When God made His promise to Abraham, since there was no one greater for Him to swear by, He swore by Himself (See, Hebrews 6:13).


Why did God speak so decisively? It was because He wanted to make the unchanging nature of His purpose very clear to the heirs of what was promised, so He confirmed it with an oath (See, Hebrews 6:17). God who cannot lie bound Himself by an oath!


His covenant with Israel was reiterated through Moses, repeated by the prophets and rehearsed by the psalmists. Jesus Himself affirmed it (Matthew 19:28), Paul articulated it (Romans 9-11), and the gates of the New Jerusalem announce it forever (Revelation 22:11-12). God has chosen Israel as His covenant people.


What if Israel broke the covenant? What would then happen to them? “For I am with thee, saith the Lord, to save thee: though I make a full end of all nations whither I have scattered thee, yet I will not make a full end of thee: but I will correct thee in measure, and will not leave thee altogether unpunished” (Jeremiah 30:11). God will completely destroy other nations, but He will not completely destroy Israel! No matter what Israel does, God will never forsake them as His Chosen People.


·        How Long Are God’s Promises To Israel Good?


What exactly did God promise Abraham and his descendants? How long are His promises good? Psalm 105 has the answer for us.


“He hath remembered his covenant for ever, the word which he commanded to a thousand generations. Which covenant he made with Abraham, and his oath unto Isaac; And confirmed the same unto Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant: Saying, Unto thee will I give the land of Canaan, the lot of your inheritance.” (Psalm 105:8-11).


INTRODUCTION: Isaiah chapter 59 is a remarkable chapter and continues the Lord’s charges against His Chosen People (Israel), and the Lord spells out the charges.


A. God’s Chosen People had a problem.


Their sins had brought about their sad state. Religion had become a cover-up for their sins. God refused to hear because of their iniquities, not because He was hard of hearing. Many people today think the Lord has a hearing problem. The Lord hears us all right. The problem lies with us.


B. God’s Chosen People lived a sinful life.


Their sins are referred to thirty-two times. Many words are used to describe their sins: iniquities, sins, defiled with blood, lies, perverseness, vanity, mischief, adder’s eggs, spider’s web, viper, works, violence, evil, wasting, destruction, crooked paths, darkness, transgressions, departing, oppression, revolt, conceiving, and uttering falsehood. There are twenty-three separate charges brought against Israel. What a picture this is!


C. God’s Chosen People would repent.


For Israel there will be a time of national confession of sin. In that day there shall be a great mourning in Jerusalem. We are told about it in Zechariah 12:11–14: “In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon. And the land shall mourn, every family apart; the family of the house of David apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of Nathan apart, and their wives apart; The family of the house of Levi apart, and their wives apart; the family of Shimei apart, and their wives apart; All the families that remain, every family apart, and their wives apart. ”


I. A CRY FOR JUSTICE. (Isaiah 59:15-17)


A. Present danger for God’s Chosen People. (Isaiah 59:15a)


·        Yea, truth faileth; and he that departeth from evil maketh himself a prey …. (Isaiah 59:15a)


In Isaiah’s day Israel's sins caused societal virtues such as justice, righteousness, truth, and uprightness to be absent (“According to their deeds, accordingly he will repay, fury to his adversaries, recompence to his enemies; to the islands he will repay recompence.” -- Isaiah 59:14). As a result, if even one person repents and turns aside from evil, that person places himself in danger from the rest of corrupt society (verse 15a).


B. Future redemption for God’s Chosen People. (Isaiah 59:15b-16)


·        …and the Lord saw it, and it displeased him that there was no judgment. And he saw that there was no man, and wondered that there was no intercessor: therefore his arm brought salvation unto him; and his righteousness, it sustained him. (Isaiah 59:15b-16)


The corrupt situation will not stand because the Lord's displeasure will ultimately reverse it (verses 15b-16). (The Lord was displeased that Israel's sin required a mediator but there was no one capable.) Therefore the Lord determined to bring Israel's salvation by His own strength (His own arm) (verse 16). The Lord alone can initiate redemption for His people Israel.


Note: Keep in mind the phenomenon of double fulfillment. Many prophecies have two fulfillments, a near (in time) less literal fulfillment and a distant (in time) more literal fulfillment. This is not true of all prophecies, and often even the more literal fulfillment is not completely literal because most Old Testament prophecies (in the Psalms or the prophets) are in the poetic genre (i.e., Hebrew poetry is based upon meter, parallel thoughts, and frequently figurative language).


C. God fights for His Chosen People. (Isaiah 59:17)


·        For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance for clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloak. (Isaiah 59:17)


The description of the body armor, helmet, and garments represents the girding up of the Lord for battle against all that plagues Israel (verse 17). The Lord will repay... His adversaries and punish His enemies.


God’s People Must Pray


God will bless Elijah and send rain on Israel, but Elijah must pray for it. If the chosen nation is to prosper, Samuel must plead for it. If the Jews are to be delivered, Daniel must intercede. God will bless Paul, and the nations shall be converted, but Paul must pray. . . . Let me have your prayers, and I can do anything! Let me be without my people’s prayers, and I can do nothing! -- Charles Haddon Spurgeon (Baptist preacher in London, England, 1834-1892)


II. A FLOOD OF JUSTICE. (Isaiah 59:18-20)


A. God will begin Israel's Redemption. (Isaiah 59:18-19)


1. God will punish His enemies. (Isaiah 59:18)


·        According to their deeds, accordingly he will repay, fury to his adversaries, recompence to his enemies; to the islands he will repay recompence. (Isaiah 59:18)


God will repay His adversaries and punish His enemies (verse 18). This punishment extends beyond the sin of Israel as the mention of coastlands suggests.


2. God will fight against the Gentile nations.


·        So shall they fear the name of the Lord from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the Lord shall lift up a standard against him. (Isaiah 59:19)


As a result of the Lord's coming, even the Gentile nations, from the west and east, will fear the name of the Lord (verse 19). The Lord will come with an unstoppable ferocity that cannot be ended (see Revelation 19:11-16).


11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. 12 His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself. 13 And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God. 14 And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. 15 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. 16 And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, King Of Kings, And Lord Of Lords. (Revelation 19:11-16)


B. God will send the Redeemer coming back to Zion! (Isaiah 59:20)


·        And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the Lord. (Isaiah 59:20)


1. Many people ask, “Will the whole nation be saved?”


The answer is, “All Israel, that is, the all Israel living in the day will be saved, when the Deliverer comes out of Zion” (Isaiah 59:20; Psalm 14:7). And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob (Romans 11:26).


2. The Redeemer is coming someday.


The Redeemer is coming someday to Zion (Jerusalem), and at that time there will be a great confession of sin. Zechariah 12:10 tells us about it: “And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.”


Note: In Isaiah’s day the 10 northern tribes of Israel failed the Lord by their many sins. A war with the Assyrians was lost and the people were carried away into captivity by the Assyrians. Later, the Southern tribes failed the Lord by their many sins and were made captives in Babylon. In John the Baptist’s day the nation of Israel failed the Lord by their many sins. The Jews leaders had their Messiah (Jesus Christ) killed, Jerusalem and the Temple were destroyed (by the Roman General Titus), and the Jewish people were scattered through-out the world.


But God is NOT finished with Israel; God’s blessing is on the Chosen People. Jesus is coming again and all of God’s promises to Israel will be fulfilled. The Kingdom Age promised to Israel will be established, their Messiah (Jesus Christ) will sit on David’s throne in Jerusalem ruling the world, and, finally, when Jesus returns He will bring peace to the world. Only those (Jew or Gentile) who have placed their faith in Jesus Christ will be saved.




·        As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the Lord; My spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed’s seed, saith the Lord, from henceforth and for ever. (Isaiah 59:21)


God has made a covenant that the Redeemer is coming to Zion. There will never be a time when this promise will be entirely forsaken, for this is God’s purpose. It will be fulfilled in God’s good time.


Note: The Lord declares that He will be the Redeemer who will come to Zion. Therefore, those who turn from transgression in Jacob will experience God's salvation (Isaiah 59:20). Paul the apostle quotes this verse in Romans 11:26, depicting the day when Israel turns to the Lord Jesus for deliverance prior to the second coming of Christ. When the nation repents, then all Israel will be saved. At that time, God will enact the new covenant (see, Jeremiah 31:31-34) with Israel that will guarantee God's presence with the nation of Israel throughout her generations (Isaiah 59:21). The permanence of the Spirit and the Word among the people speaks to the promise of ongoing faithfulness and of the removal of sin.


Our Only Hope

By Richard De Haan


Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world; Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ.” (Titus 2:12-13)


An anonymous author wrote, “When I was first converted, and for some years afterward, the second coming of Christ was a thrilling idea, a blessed hope, a glorious promise, the theme of some of the most inspiring songs of the church.


“Later it became an accepted tenet of faith, a cardinal doctrine, a kind of invisible trademark of my ministry. It was the favorite arena of my theological discussions, in the pulpit and in print. Now suddenly the second coming means something more to me. Paul called it ‘the blessed hope.’ But today it appears as the only hope of the world.”


From the human standpoint, there is no solution for the struggles of the world. Leaders are naturally frustrated in trying to deal with the increasing problems in society. The only complete and permanent solution is found in the return of Christ to earth. When He comes, He will set up His kingdom. He will rule the nations in righteousness, and “the earth will be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea” (Habakkuk 2:14).


As we await our Savior’s return, let us keep on praying, working, and watching, while “looking for the blessed hope” -- our only hope for this world.


 -- Richard De Haan, Our Daily Bread, April 7, 2010


CONCLUSION: The Jewish people of Isaiah's day learned the hard way that their greatest enemy was not the power of the Gentile nations that surrounded them but themselves.


·        Israel’s Salvation.


The Jewish people were steeped in sin, and their sin was separating them from the Lord. Nevertheless, the Lord said that He was going to extend His hand of salvation to them so He could continue working in them and through them.


·        Our Salvation.


The Lord is doing the same for us in 2015. The Lord is extending His hand of redemption to us for two main reasons: (1) to save us from eternal separation from Him and (2) just as importantly to have a fruitful relationship with Him. Israel’s redemption IS past, present, and future. We believers in Jesus Christ also has  a past, present, and future redemption. Praise the Lord!


THOUGHT TO REMEMBER:Don't complain about what this world is coming to; proclaim the One who is coming to this world.”


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REFERENCES: References used in the Bible study are the King James Bible (KJV), Dr. J. Vernon McGee © Thru the Bible Radio Network ( www.ttb.org ), the Scofield Study Bible, the Believer’s Bible Commentary, Dr. Charles J. Woodbridge Bible Outlines, Dr. Lee Roberson’s Sermons, Dr. Charles Stanley: ( http://www.intouch.org/ ), Don Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Women’s Study Bible, The Bible Reader’s Companion Ed. 3, The Nelson Study Bible: New King James Version, KJV Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the New Testament ed. 4, Dr. David Jeremiah: ( http://www.davidjeremiah.org/site/ ), Dr. Cliff Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the Old Testament, With the Word Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s “Be” Series: Old & New Testaments, RBC Ministries ( http://rbc.org/ ), selected illustrations, and other references.




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