B i b l e S t u d y
O u t l i n e s
H O M E P A G E
Rev. Ronald C. Purkey, an ordained Baptist minister, claims no originality for this Bible study outline.
However, every Bible study posted on this website has been taught by Rev. Purkey.
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SCRIPTURE: Psalm 34:1-10; Hebrews 2:17-18
KEY VERSE: O taste and see that the Lord is good: blessed is the man that trusteth in him. (Psalm 34:8)
A. This psalm has an explanation, which is part of the inspired text: “A Psalm of David, when he changed his behavior before Abimelech; who drove him away, and he departed.”
This provides us with a fine opportunity to illustrate something that the critic has used to discredit the Word of God, which has led many uninstructed people away from believing in the integrity and the inerrancy of the Bible.
B. The occasion for this psalm goes back to an incident that is recorded in the life of David.
We should remember that King Saul was after David. This young man was fleeing for his life and hiding in one cave after another. He was in that region of wilderness down toward the Dead Sea, and not many people can survive in that area.
If we would drive through where David was, we would not want to drive through it alone. David was able to survive in that wilderness, but he did grow weary; and his faith got very weak. He thought he was going to be destroyed, so he traveled west to the land of the Philistines.
C. The king of the Philistines received David at that time, but some of his men distrusted David.
“And the servants of Achish said unto him, Is not this David the king of the land? did they not sing one to another of him in dances, saying, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands? And David laid up these words in his heart, and was sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath” (1 Samuel 21:11–12).
David realized that he was in real danger there in enemy territory, so he acted like an insane man. The king was disgusted at having an insane man in his presence, and he sent him away. So David’s life was spared at this time. When David escaped and returned to the wilderness of Israel to hide, I think he was lying there in the safety of a cave, thinking, I should have trusted the Lord!
INSIGHT: Now if we turn back to 1 Samuel 21 and read the Bible record, we will note that the king of Gath is called Achish, and in Psalm 34 he is called Abimelech. The critic sees this and says that it is quite obvious this is not an inspired psalm of David, and that this is an error in the Bible. The problem with the critic is that he looks only where he wants to look. Abimelech is a general title of royalty, just as Pharaoh was a general title in Egypt.
Please, remember, when you think you find an error in the Bible, the problem is NOT with the Bible but with you. That is the problem the critics have today.
D. As we consider this psalm, think of it in the light of David’s experience.
I. FROM PRAISE TO PROVISION. (Psalm 34:1-10)
A. David Praised The Lord.
(Psalm 34:1) I will bless the Lord at all times: his praise shall continually be in my mouth.
When you are in trouble, do you feel discouraged and defeated? David did. He kept running, running, running, and it looked like it would never come to an end. He lost heart and was discouraged. He thought, One of these days I will be killed. Yet he says, “I will bless the Lord at all times.”
Friends, I do pretty well in praising the Lord on a good sunshiny day and when things go right, but it is not so easy when things become difficult. Yet David could say, “His praise shall continually be in my mouth.”
B. David Had A Good Attitude.
(Psalm 34:2) My soul shall make her boast in the Lord: the humble shall hear thereof, and be glad.
David’s attitude was a testimony for the Lord. We should stop looking at others and at our problems and start looking at the Lord. We must keep looking up!
C. David Magnified The Lord.
(Psalm 34:3) O magnify the Lord with me, and let us exalt his name together.
I want you to join with me in magnifying the Lord. We are going to find out in one of the psalms that the Word of God and the name of God are just about the same. Both are important.
We want to get out the Word of God because it will magnify the name of the Lord. We should say with the psalmist, O magnify the Lord with me, and let us exalt His name together, in getting out the Word of God today.
INSIGHT: The first three verses in this chapter are sheer praise to God; they are the Hallelujah Chorus. Now David gives us the reason for his praise.
D. David Was Delivered From Fear.
(Psalm 34:4-6) I sought the Lord, and he heard me, and delivered me from all my fears. They looked unto him, and were lightened: and their faces were not ashamed. This poor man cried, and the Lord heard him, and saved him out of all his troubles.
How wonderful it is to be free from fear! Trust in the Lord. Trust Him because He cares for you. He hears, He answers our prayers, and He delivers us.
How thankful David was for God’s deliverance. And, friend, we should thank God for the way He has led us. I am sure that is the right thing to do.
E. David Was Protected By The Angel Of The Lord.
(Psalm 34:7) The angel of the Lord encampeth round about them that fear him, and delivereth them.
The Angel of the Lord is mentioned only three times in the Psalms. He is mentioned in Psalm 34:7 and in Psalm 35:5–6 and that is all. We are not going to go into any detail about this subject, but I believe the Angel of the Lord is the preincarnate Christ. You do not find the Angel of the Lord in the New Testament because the Lord is no longer an angel, but a Man called Jesus.
INSIGHT: When “the angel of the Lord” appeared in the Old Testament, He was none other than the Lord Jesus Christ. In this verse the psalmist tells us that the “angel of the Lord encampeth round about them that fear him, and delivereth them.” In Hebrews 13:5 the Lord Jesus says, “… I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee.” In Matthew 28:20 the Lord says, “…lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.”
F. David Gives A Challenge To Others To Trust The Lord.
(Psalm 34:8-9) O taste and see that the Lord is good: blessed is the man that trusteth in him. O fear the Lord, ye his saints: for there is no want to them that fear him.
Now David extends an invitation: He says, “If you don’t believe what I have said is true, taste for yourself and see that the Lord is good.” Blessed or happy is the man who trusts in the Lord. There is nothing like it.
David had been hunted by Saul for a long time. He had hid in caves and had become a rugged outdoorsman. David had seen the sight mentioned in the following verse.
(Psalm 34:10) The young lions do lack, and suffer hunger: but they that seek the Lord shall not want any good thing.
David had seen hungry little lion cubs whining for something to eat. He also had seen that those who had sought the Lord had not lacked any good thing. If a lioness can take care of her little cubs, God can take care of you and me. David learned that by experience. This is putting Christianity into shoe leather, and we need it in shoe leather. David had experienced God’s care. He knew it was real.
INSIGHT: (From the words of Dr. Vernon McGee) “I am tired of Sunday morning Christianity. People come to church, sing a few hymns, listen to the sermon, and sing the Doxology. That just about ends it for many folks. I love what a broker in San Francisco wrote [to me] -- it was one of the nicest things anyone had said: “You do not sound like you are speaking behind a stained glass window.” I thank God for that. There is nothing wrong with speaking behind stained glass windows -- I did that for forty years -- but I would rather that it sounded as if it came from the marketplace, the schoolroom, the office, and the workshop.” – By Vernon McGee, Thru the Bible with J. Vernon McGee, Psalm 34
We need to tell others: “David was right. God is good! He takes care of His own; let the people of the Lord say so!”
II. A HIGH PRIEST WHO UNDERSTANDS US. (Hebrews 2:17-18)
A. Jesus Christ Was Trained To Be The Heavenly High Priest. (Hebrews 2:17a)
(Hebrews 2:17a) Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren…
Being pure spirits who have never suffered, the angels cannot identify with us in our weaknesses and needs. But Jesus can! While He was here on earth, Jesus was “made like unto His brethren” in that He experienced the sinless infirmities of human nature.
Jesus knew what it was to be a helpless baby, a growing child, a maturing adolescent. Jesus knew the experiences of weariness, hunger, and thirst (see John 4:6-8). Jesus knew what it was to be despised and rejected, to be lied about and falsely accused. Jesus experienced physical suffering and death. All of this was a part of His “training” for His heavenly ministry as High Priest.
INSIGHT: If you want an example of a man who was not a merciful and faithful high priest, then read the account about Eli (see 1 Samuel 2:27-36). Eli was a high priest who did not even lead his own sons into a faithful walk with God. He even accused brokenhearted Hannah of being drunk! (see 1 Samuel 1:9-18)
B. Jesus Christ’s Ministry Is Both Merciful And Faithful. (Hebrews 2:17b)
(Hebrews 2:17b) …that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.
Jesus Christ is merciful toward people and faithful toward God the Father. He can never fail in His priestly ministries. He made the necessary sacrifice for our sins so that we might be reconciled to God. He did not need to make a sacrifice for Himself, because He is sinless.
But what happens when we who have been saved are tempted to sin? Jesus stands ready to help us! Jesus was tempted when He was on earth, but no temptation ever conquered Him. Because Jesus has defeated every enemy, He is able to give us the grace that we need to overcome temptation.
INSIGHT: The word “succour” (Hebrews 2:18) literally means “to run to the cry of a child.” It means “to bring help when it is needed.” Angels are able to serve us (see Hebrews 1:14), but they are not able to succour us in our times of temptation. Only Jesus Christ can do that, and He can do it because He became a man and suffered and died.
C. Jesus Christ Is Both High Priest And Advocate. (Hebrews 2:18)
(Hebrews 2:18) For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.
Since Jesus Christ Himself has gone through suffering and testing, He is able to help us when we are being tested. Compared to Jesus Christ, we are nothing and He is EVERYTHING. He is OUR Savior (see John 3:16).
It might be good at this point to explain the difference between our Lord’s ministry as High Priest and His ministry as Advocate (see 1 John 2:1). As our High Priest, our Lord is able to give us grace to keep us from sinning when we are tempted. If we do sin, then He as our Advocate represents us before the throne of God and forgives us when we sincerely confess our sins to Him (see 1 John 1:5-22:2).
Both of these ministries are involved in His present work of intercession; and it is this intercessory ministry that is the guarantee of our eternal salvation (note that in Hebrews 7:25 it is “to the uttermost” -- i.e., eternally -- and not “from the uttermost”).
INSIGHT: As we review the Word of God, we cannot help but be amazed at the grace and wisdom of God. From a human point of view, it would seem foolish for God to become Man; yet it was this very act of grace that made possible our salvation and all that goes with it. When Jesus Christ became Man, He did not become inferior to the angels, for in His human body He accomplished something that angels could never accomplish. At the same time, He made it possible for us to share in His glory!
QUESTION: Jesus Christ is not ashamed to call us His brothers and sisters. Are we ashamed to call Him “Lord”?
Way To Happiness
By Dave Branon
The young lions do lack, and suffer hunger: but they that seek the Lord shall not want any good thing. – Psalm 34:10
Pathways that seem to be marked This Way To Happiness are all over the landscape of our culture. Some people travel the money path. Others follow the way of entertainment. Still others head down the route of power or self-gratification.
· The problem with those roads is that they are all dead ends and lead to frustration. The only way to happiness is the course God has clearly outlined in His Word.
God’s route to joy is found in Psalm 34. In just 14 verses, David charts a course that, when followed, leads to all the advantages we need in this world—advantages that can be ours no matter if we are rich or poor, healthy or sick, famous or unknown. The way to happiness is marked by these signs:
· Praising God: “My soul shall make its boast in the Lord” (verse 2).
· Seeking God: “I sought the Lord, and He heard me” (verse 4).
· Fearing God: “Oh, fear the Lord, you His saints!” (verse 9).
· Living for God: “Depart from evil and do good” (verse 14).
· Happiness comes from going God’s way. Traveling other paths will take you on a long journey to nowhere.
none but Christ can satisfy,
None other name for me;
There's love and life and lasting joy,
Lord Jesus, found in Thee. -- McGranahan
-- Adapted from Dave Branon, Our Daily Bread, September 19, 1995
CONCLUSION: What have we learned from our Bible study today?
· We learned that we should praise the Lord.
· We learned that we should have a good attitude.
· We learned that we should magnify the Lord.
· We learned that we should not have fear.
· We learned that we should know that we are protected.
· We learned that we should tell others that the Lord is good.
· We learned that we should know that the Lord takes care of His own.
· We learned that we have a great High Priest and Advocate
· We learned that we should not be ashamed to call Jesus Christ “Lord”
THOUGHT TO REMEMBER: “To find true happiness, trust and obey God's directions.”
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REFERENCES: References used in these Bible studies are the King James Bible (KJV), The Moody Bible Commentary, Dr. J. Vernon McGee © Thru the Bible Radio Network ( www.ttb.org ), the Scofield Study Bible, the Believer’s Bible Commentary, Dr. Charles J. Woodbridge Bible Outlines, Dr. Lee Roberson’s Sermons, Dr. Charles Stanley: ( http://www.intouch.org/ ), Don Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Women’s Study Bible, The Bible Reader’s Companion Ed. 3, The Nelson Study Bible: New King James Version, KJV Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the New Testament ed. 4, Dr. David Jeremiah: ( http://www.davidjeremiah.org/site/ ), Dr. Cliff Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the Old Testament, Dr. Alan Carr’s The Sermon Notebook ( www.sermonnotebook.org ), With the Word Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s “Be” Series: Old & New Testaments, RBC Ministries ( http://rbc.org/ ), selected illustrations, and other references.
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