Rev. Ronald C. Purkey, an ordained Baptist minister, claims no originality for this Bible study outline.
However, every Bible study posted on this website has been taught by Rev. Purkey.
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SCRIPTURE: Genesis 3:8-17, 20-24
KEY VERSE: Therefore the Lord God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken. (Genesis 3:23)
INTRODUCTION: Today we will study what some consider the most important chapter of the Bible. It is conceded, I believe, by all Bible believing preachers to be just that.
In one of my seminary textbooks, Dr. Griffith Thomas called Genesis 3 the pivot of the Bible. If you doubt that, read Genesis chapters 1 and 2 and omit Genesis chapter 3, and then read Genesis chapter 4 through chapter 11. Something BAD has happened!
I. HIDING FROM GOD. (Genesis 3:8-13)
A. Adam And Eve Had Guilt. (Genesis 3:7-9)
1. Their conscience was opened.
(Genesis 3:7a) And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.
“And the eyes of them both were opened.” This refers to their conscience. Before the fall, humans did not have a conscience; they were innocent. Innocence is ignorance of evil.
Humans did not make conscience. It is an accuser that each one of us has living on the inside of us. The guilt complex is a part of men and women. Humans cannot get rid of that guilt complex in a psychological way.
2. Their cover-up had started.
(Genesis 3:7b) “And they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.”
a. Adam and Eve tried to hide their sin.
b. The fig leaves concealed but did NOT really cover.
Adam and Eve did not confess; they just attempted to cover up their sin. They were not ready to admit their lost condition. (We need to consider 1 John 1:9 for our sins.)
3. The Lord was seeking them.
(Genesis 3:8-9) 8 And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God amongst the trees of the garden. 9 And the Lord God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou?
Adam and Eve were lost, and it was God seeking them. It was NOT Adam and Eve seeking God.
Without Jesus Christ as our Savior, we (men, women, boys, and girls) have the same problem that Adam and Eve had – we are LOST!
B. Adam And Eve Had Loss. (Genesis 3:10-13)
(Genesis 3:10-12) 10 And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself. 11 And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat? 12 And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.
1. Adam was lost.
Trusting fig leaves is like trusting religion today and religion cannot save you -- Adam was lost. He was lost, and it was God seeking him and NOT Adam seeking God.
2. Eve was blamed.
Notice that there is no confession on Adam’s part! The important thing is not so much that he blamed the woman or, as we would say in the common colloquialism of today, “he passed the buck,” but that there is no confession of sin on his part.
3. They both lost.
(Genesis 3:13) And the Lord God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.
Here again is some more of that so-called “buck passing.” Eve said, “It’s not my fault!”
II. THE CONSEQUENCES OF SIN. (Genesis 3:14-17)
INSIGHT: This man Adam, this creature that the Lord has made, has now turned away from the Lord, and God must now deal with him and must judge him.
A. Judgment Came. (Genesis 3:14)
(Genesis 3:14) And the Lord God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life.
1. The serpent is cursed.
The serpent is certainly not the slithering creature that we think of today. The serpent was different at the beginning, and there has now been pronounced upon him this judgment from the Lord.
2. The Devil is judged.
The Lord pronounces a judgment upon Satan which has a tremendous effect upon man. We all should memorize the next verse, for it is one that we certainly ought to know. Genesis 3:15 is the first prophecy of the coming of the Messiah, the Savior, into the world:
B. Trouble Came. (Genesis 3:15)
(Genesis 3:15) And I will put enmity between thee [that is, Satan] and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed [that is, Christ]; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
1. “I will put enmity between thee and the woman.”
God leaves Satan and his seed to the influence of their own corruption. Hell was prepared for the Devil and his angels, and Christ rejecters will end up there, too.
The Lord revealed His plan of salvation. Through the woman [that is, through the Virgin Mary], the Lord would send a Savior so sin could be forgiven. The thought of this filled Satan and his angels with envy and rage. The devil and his angels are not included in God’s plan of salvation.
2. “Thou shalt bruise his heel”
The serpent [Satan] wounds the heel that bruises (i.e., crushes) him; and so Satan would be permitted to afflict the humanity of Jesus Christ and bring suffering and persecution on His people.
This is a tremendous statement that is given to us here. The most prominent thought is not the ultimate victory that would come, but the long-continued struggle between good and evil.
3. “It [that is, Christ] shall bruise thy head.”
The serpent's poison is lodged in its head; and a crushing of that part is fatal. This promised “bruise” or “crush” will be the blow which Satan shall receive from Jesus Christ, though it is probable Satan did not at first understand the nature and extent of his doom.
C. Pain Came. (Genesis 3:16)
(Genesis 3:16) Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.
Commentator Adam Clark said: “[The woman] was doomed as a wife and mother to suffer pain of body and distress of mind. From being the help meet of man and the partner of his affections (Genesis 2:18, 23), her condition would, from now on, be that of humble subjection.”
D. Toil Came. (Genesis 3:17)
(Genesis 3:17) And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life;
1. This is the judgment upon Adam.
The Lord’s judgment upon Adam is toil by cursing the ground (the dust from which Adam came). This causes burdensome toil for man, which he would encounter every day in working the land to provide food and housing for his family.
2. This is the judgment upon all men.
This frustration in a person’s labor is something Adam's male descendants contend with regardless of their occupation. It’s by the sweat of our brow!
III. EXPELLED FROM THE GARDEN. (Genesis 3:20-24)
INSIGHT: With the next five verses the doctrine of redemption is introduced.
A. Adam Named The First Woman. (Genesis 3:20)
(Genesis 3:20) And Adam called his wife’s name Eve; because she was the mother of all living.
The name “Eve” means “living” because she was the first woman and the first mother. This does not mean that Cain and Abel were born in the Garden of Eden, because it is definite that they were born after the fall of Adam and Eve.
B. God Made Them Clothing Of Skins. (Genesis 3:21)
(Genesis 3:21) Unto Adam also and to his wife did the Lord God make coats of skins, and clothed them.
In order to have the skins of animals, the animals have to be slain. I believe that this is the origin of sacrifice and that God made it clear to man. God rejected their fig leaves but made them clothing of skins, and when Adam and Eve left the Garden of Eden, they looked back upon a bloody sacrifice. When they looked back, they saw exactly what God had Moses put on the mercy seat in the Holy of Holies: two cherubim looking down upon the blood that was there -- and that was the way to God.
INSIGHT: There are four great lessons that we see from the fig leaves and the fact that God clothed them with animal skins. (1) Men and women must have adequate covering to approach God. You cannot come to God on the basis of your good works. You must come just as you are -- a sinner. (2) Fig leaves are unacceptable; they are homemade. God does not take a homemade garment. (3) God must provide the covering. (4) The covering is obtained only through the death of the Savior, Jesus Christ.
This is all pictured in the clothing of animal skins. Men and women must have a substitute between themselves and God’s wrath. That is important in our day for people to consider. The hardest thing in the world is for a person to take his or her rightful position before God.
C. God Pronounced Judgement Upon Adam And Eve. (Genesis 3:22-23)
(Genesis 3:22-23) And the Lord God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever: Therefore the Lord God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.
All I can say to this is, thank God that He did not let man live eternally in sin and that God is not going to let us do that. That is really a blessing!
D. Salvation Is Now Through A Blood Sacrifice. (Genesis 3:24)
(Genesis 3:24) So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
This does not mean that God put up a roadblock. It means that the way of life was kept open for man to come to God. But now that way is not through the tree of life. Salvation must come through a sacrifice, and when Adam and Eve looked back, the blood of the sacrifice is what they saw!
INSIGHT: As we look back we can thank God. Ever since Calvary our sacrifice has been Jesus Christ. He is “The Lamb of God” who provides salvation to you and me
KNOW SO SALVATION
By Richard DeHaan
I have written to you who believe in . . . the Son of God, that you may know that you have eternal life (1 John 5:13).
1. Many Christians lack the joy and assurance of their salvation because they will not take God at His word. They do not accept at face value what He says, but rely on their personal feelings instead of on the Bible.
2. Bible teacher H. A. Ironside related a personal experience that helps us understand the importance of believing the Word of God. After he had read to a woman some passages about trusting Christ, she said, “Well, I am trying to believe.”
3. “Trying to believe whom?” asked Ironside. “It is God who has spoken in His Word. Are you saying you’re trying to believe Him?”
4. Immediately she saw the light and exclaimed, “Oh, I didn’t realize what I was saying. Yes, I do believe what God has declared.” At last her heart found rest.
Blessed assurance, Jesus is mine!
O what a foretaste of glory divine!
Heir of salvation, purchase of God,
Born of His Spirit, washed in His blood. — Fanny Crosby
-- Adapted from Richard DeHaan, Our Daily Bread, January 17, 1998
CONCLUSION: If you have placed your trust in the Lord Jesus, stop worrying about your salvation.
· God has done His part. Believe what the Bible says, and claim as your very own the new life that has been given you through faith in Jesus Christ.
· John 1:12 promises, “As many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name.”
· Take God at His word. Then you too will have a know-so salvation.
THOUGHT TO REMEMBER: “The blood of Jesus Christ makes us safe; the Word of God makes us sure.”
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REFERENCES: References used in these Bible studies are the King James Bible (KJV), The Moody Bible Commentary, Dr. J. Vernon McGee © Thru the Bible Radio Network (www.ttb.org), the Scofield Study Bible, the Believer’s Bible Commentary, Dr. Charles J. Woodbridge Bible Outlines, Dr. Lee Roberson’s Sermons, Dr. Charles Stanley: (http://www.intouch.org/), Don Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Women’s Study Bible, The Bible Reader’s Companion Ed. 3, The Nelson Study Bible: New King James Version, KJV Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the New Testament ed. 4, Dr. David Jeremiah: (http://www.davidjeremiah.org/site/), Dr. Cliff Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the Old Testament, Dr. Alan Carr’s The Sermon Notebook (www.sermonnotebook.org), With the Word Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s “Be” Series: Old & New Testaments, RBC Ministries (http://rbc.org/), selected illustrations, and other references.
REV. RONALD PURKEY’S OFFICE
E-mail: Ronald Purkey