Rev. Ronald C. Purkey claims no originality for this Bible study outline.
However, every Bible study posted on this website has been taught by Rev. Purkey.
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May 20, 2018
SCRIPTURE: Leviticus 25:1-12
KEY VERSE: And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a jubile unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family. (Leviticus 25:10)
· The Mosaic economy was directed to the people of Israel, but it also pertained predominantly to the land of Palestine.
This is stressed in Leviticus chapter 25. The laws given here could not be enforced until Israel arrived in the land of Canaan. These Laws could not possibly be adapted to the wilderness.
· There is a constant and almost monotonous reference to and repetition of the word land.
“When ye come into the land,” “rest unto the land,” and “proclaim liberty throughout all the land.” That last phrase is found ten times. Everything in Leviticus chapter 25 is tied down to the land which the Lord gave to Israel.
· The Mosaic economy was directed to:
(1) A peculiar people, Israel.
(2) To a particular land, Palestine.
(3) It is also directed to a people engaged in agriculture.
· There are people today who say that the Old Testament Law is the way of life for the New Testament church.
But these laws don’t fit in Indiana, and they will not fit other areas of our nation. “Proclaim liberty throughout all the land” (taken from Leviticus 25:10) is inscribed on our Liberty Bell in Philadelphia. Yet, we must always remember that these laws were given to a particular people (Israel) in a particular land (Palestine).
INTRODUCTION: In Israel the economic system was based on three fundamental principles:
(1) The LORD OWNED THE LAND and had a right to control it (Leviticus 25:23).
(2) The LORD OWNED THE PEOPLE, because He had redeemed them from bondage in Egypt (Leviticus 25:38, 42, 55).
(3) The HEBREW PEOPLE WERE A FAMILY (“thy brother,” KJV) and should care for each other (Leviticus 25:25, 35-36, 39, 47).
Joshua and the army of Israel occupied the land of Canaan, but it was Jehovah who allocated their inheritance (Joshua chapters 13-21). The people “possessed” the land and enjoyed the land’s products, but the Lord owned it and decided how it would be used.
Leviticus chapter 25 centers on topics relating to the nation of Israel, let’s look at our Bible study for today.
I. A YEAR OF REST FOR THE LAND. (Leviticus 25:1-7)
A. The Lord Gave The Commandment.
(Leviticus 25:1) And the Lord spake unto Moses in mount Sinai, saying.
It should be noted that this reverts back to Mt. Sinai, but it is to be put into effect when they get into the Land. Remember that God spoke out of the tabernacle in Leviticus 1:1.
B. The Lord Spoke To the People Of Israel.
(Leviticus 25:2) Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them. When ye come into the land which I give you, then shall the land keep a sabbath unto the Lord.
1. There is a Sabbath for the land as well as for man.
This is amazing. The seventh DAY is for MAN, and the seventh YEAR is for the LAND.
2. The Sabbath goes back to God and creation.
The seventh day goes back to creation when God rested from His labors, for His work of creation was complete. Sabbath means rest, and in its ultimate meaning it refers to the rest of redemption. “There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his. Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief” (Hebrews 4:9–11). Rest in these verses means literally “keeping of a sabbath.”
INSIGHT: It is obvious in this day of scientific agriculture that letting the land lie uncultivated on the seventh year was good for the land. It was also a rest for those who tilled the soil, although they could discharge other necessary duties. This Sabbatical year for the land was to deliver the Israelite from covetousness.
Actually, it was the breaking of this regulation concerning the Sabbatical year that sent Israel into the seventy years Babylonian captivity (2 Chronicles 36:21). They failed to keep seventy Sabbatic years over a period of 490 years; so they went into captivity for seventy years.
C. The Lord Said That The Land Was To Have A Sabbath.
(Leviticus 25:3-4) Six years thou shalt sow thy field, and six years thou shalt prune thy vineyard, and gather in the fruit thereof; But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest unto the land, a sabbath for the Lord: thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard.
This makes it perfectly clear that the Sabbatical year related to the land. They were to sow their fields and prune their vineyards for six years, and then neither sow nor prune on the seventh year. There is a curse upon the earth as well as upon man, and it is by the sweat of man’s brow that he extracts bread from the soil. There will be a day when the curse shall be lifted from creation (Romans 8:20–22 and Isaiah 35:1–2).
INSIGHT: In the southland it has been learned, to its sorrow, that one should let the land lie unplanted. A great deal of the land has been worn out by planting cotton every year, year after year. The Sabbatical year was actually a good agricultural principle which God gave to them. It’s interesting that God knows all about farming, isn’t it?
D. The Lord Said That There Would Be Enough Food For Everyone.
(Leviticus 25:5-7) That which groweth of its own accord of thy harvest thou shalt not reap, neither gather the grapes of thy vine undressed: for it is a year of rest unto the land. And the sabbath of the land shall be meat for you: for thee, and for thy servant, and for thy maid, and for thy hired servant, and for thy stranger that sojourneth with thee. And for thy cattle, and for the beast that are in thy land, shall all the increase thereof be meat.
1. The people could not harvest anything to market it.
This shows how the physical needs of the people were supplied during the Sabbatical year. The land was so productive that it was not necessary to plant each year. In the Euphrates Valley, in the days of Abraham, it was not necessary to plant at all. The grain grew without planting. The ground in Israel produced enough to supply the needs of the owner, his servants, and the stranger. Even the cattle could survive and probably grew fat by grazing on the untilled land. God took care of both man and beast, Israelite and stranger, rich and poor during the year of rest. They were all given enough to eat.
2. God was teaching Israel several lessons.
He never permitted any one of them to monopolize the land so that the poor people were not taken care of. God was protecting the land and the poor people at the same time. Also He was teaching them that the land was cursed but that the time would come when the land would produce in abundance.
INSIGHT: Today, people worry about the population explosion and the inability of the earth to produce enough food for the people. When the curse is removed, my friend, this earth will produce in a way never seen since the fall of man. God is the supplier of all human needs. God is the owner of this earth.
II. THE YEAR OF JUBILEE. (Leviticus 25:8-12)
A. The Year.
(Leviticus 25:8) And thou shalt number seven sabbaths of years unto thee, seven times seven years; and the space of the seven sabbaths of years shall be unto thee forty and nine years.
This continues in the multiples of seven. Seven Sabbatical years were numbered and this made forty-nine years. Then, the following year, the fiftieth, was set aside as the year of Jubilee. The year of Jubilee was a continuing of the number seven to the ever-ascending scale of the calendar. It was the largest unit of time -- fifty years.
INSIGHT: Today we operate by leases. People may have a fifty-year lease or a ninety-nine-year lease. God worked on that basis, also. There were two years of Jubilee in every century.
B. The Trumpet.
(Leviticus 25:9) Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubile to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land.
1. A signal for the start of the year of Jubilee.
The year of Jubilee was the crowing point of the entire sabbatical structure of the nation of Israel. On the Day of Atonement of the fiftieth year, a ram’s horn (verse 9, “trumpet.”) would be blown, and the year of Jubilee would start.
2. A signal heard throughout the nation.
After the people of Israel were settled in the land, it is difficult to see how one blast of the trumpet could be heard from Dan to Beersheba. It is realistic to conclude that in every populated area there was a simultaneous blowing of the ram’s horn to usher in the year of Jubilee. I think it would begin at the tabernacle or temple. There would be someone stationed far enough away to be able to hear it, and then the trumpet note would be passed on and on out to the very end of the land of Palestine.
INSIGHT: Believers today may liken the Year of Jubilee to the coming of the Lord. As we get closer to Christ’s coming, our material wealth decreases in value. The moment the Lord comes, our money, our real estate, and our investments will be worthless to us. The moral is to put these things to work for Christ today!
C. The Provision.
(Leviticus 25:10) And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof. it shall be a jubile unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family.
1. It involved land.
In that day people could mortgage their land but in the year of Jubilee that land would return back to the original owner. This was the way God protected the land from leaving the original owner. The land could be taken away for a period of fifty years, but in the year of Jubilee the land went back to the original owner or to his descendants.
2. It involved people.
If a man had sold himself into slavery, when that trumpet was sounded he went free. The shackles were broken.
3. It involved everything.
In the year of Jubilee everything went free. All mortgages were canceled. When you come to Jesus Christ, the sin question is settled. Jesus Christ paid the penalty. It is all settled, and you go free. Jesus Christ makes you free!
“But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life” (Romans 6:22).
“Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage” (Galatians 5:1).
D. The Jubilee.
(Leviticus 25:11-12) A jubile, shall that fiftieth year be unto you: ye shall not sow, neither reap that which groweth of itself in it, nor gather the grapes in it of thy vine undressed. For it is the jubile; it shall be holy unto you: ye shall eat the increase thereof out of the field.
The year of Jubilee followed a Sabbatical year when the land lay unplanted. The Lord promised to provide providentially for them. The people were to obey; the Lord would provide.
The people had to have faith to believe that the Lord would give them enough to eat through plentiful harvests in the years previous to the Jubilee. The people would begin by repenting on the Day of Atonement and then consecrating the year to Jehovah (the God of the Bible) and being “holy” (Leviticus 25:12).
By Richard De Haan
In 1776, the 13 British colonies in North America protested the limitations placed on them by the king of England and engaged in a struggle that gave birth to a brand-new republic. The infant nation soon adopted that now-famous document known as the Declaration of Independence.
Almost 2,000 years ago, the Lord Jesus cried out on the cross, “It is finished,” proclaiming the believer’s “declaration of independence.” All of humanity was under the tyranny of sin and death. But Christ, the sinless One, took our place on Calvary and died for our sins. Having satisfied God’s righteous demands, He now sets free for eternity all who trust in Him.
Paul wrote, “Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us” (Galatians 3:13). Romans 8 assures us, “There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus . . . . For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death” (Romans 8: 1-2). Galatians 5:1 urges all who have been redeemed to “stand fast therefore in the liberty by which Christ has made us free.”
We are thankful to God for any freedom we enjoy in a nation. But above all, believers everywhere can praise Him for the freedom that is found in Christ! – Adapted from Richard De Haan, Our Daily Bread, July 4, 2010
· The year of Jubilee is likened to this age of grace when the Gospel is preached to slaves of sin and captives of Satan.
“But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you. Being then made free from sin, ye became the servants of righteousness. For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord” (Romans 6:17-18, 23).
· The Lord Jesus Christ said, “And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free…. If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed” (John 8:32, 36).
THOUGHT TO REMEMBER: “We can trust our all-knowing God for the unknown future.”
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REFERENCES: References used in these Bible studies are the King James Bible (KJV), The Moody Bible Commentary, Dr. J. Vernon McGee © Thru the Bible Radio Network ( www.ttb.org ), the Scofield Study Bible, the Believer’s Bible Commentary, Dr. Charles J. Woodbridge Bible Outlines, Dr. Lee Roberson’s Sermons, Dr. Charles Stanley: ( http://www.intouch.org/ ), Don Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Women’s Study Bible, The Bible Reader’s Companion Ed. 3, The Nelson Study Bible: New King James Version, KJV Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the New Testament ed. 4, Dr. David Jeremiah: ( http://www.davidjeremiah.org/site/ ), Dr. Cliff Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the Old Testament, Dr. Alan Carr’s The Sermon Notebook ( www.sermonnotebook.org ), With the Word Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s “Be” Series: Old & New Testaments, RBC Ministries ( http://rbc.org/ ), selected illustrations, and other references.
REV. RONALD PURKEY’S OFFICE
E-mail: Ronald Purkey