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Rev. Ronald C. Purkey claims no originality for this Bible study outline.

However, every Bible study posted on this website has been taught by Rev. Purkey.

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SCRIPTURE: Psalm 110:1-4; Acts 2:22-24, 29-32


KEY VERSE: He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption. (Acts 2:31)


INTRODUCTION: In Simon Peter’s sermon at Pentecost, he quoted from Psalm 110 and then boldly proclaimed its fulfillment in Jesus Christ. Simon Peter and his listeners shared the belief that King David was both Israel's greatest king and the writer of Psalm 110 and Psalm 110:1 is one of the most often quoted Old Testament Scriptures in the New Testament. The Lord’s earliest followers believed that it is a prophecy from Israel's greatest ruler concerning the Messiah.


This psalm is remarkable because it sets forth the deity of Jesus Christ. You could not in any way consider this psalm and still deny Jesus’ deity. This psalm is referred to many times in the New Testament (see, Acts 2:34, 35; Hebrews 1:13; Hebrews 5:6; 6:20; 7:21; 10:12–13).


I. THE PROPHECY OF DAVID. (Psalm 110:1-4)


A. Jesus is the Lord. (Psalm 110:1)


(Psalm 110:1) The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.


Jesus Christ focused on the real issue when He asked, “If the Messiah is David’s Son, how can the Messiah be David’s Lord?” There is only one answer: the Messiah must come as a man through the family of David. The Messiah is both the eternal God and man, divine and human. Jesus Christ is seated in the place of glory and authority.


B. Jesus is the King. (Psalm 110:2-3)


(Psalm 110:2-3) The Lord shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies. Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.


This is a picture of victory over the Messiah’s enemies. The final victory has not yet been won, but Jesus still rules in the midst of His enemies. Are you one of Christ’s volunteers in the battle against sin?


C. Jesus is the Priest. (Psalm 110:4)


(Psalm 110:4) The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.


Hebrews 7 through 10 expounds this verse, and the background for it is in Genesis 14. Melchizedek and Jesus Christ are the only king-priests God has accepted. As King, Jesus can deal with the circumstances around us; as Priest, He can help with the feelings and weaknesses within us.


D. Jesus is the Judge (Psalm 110:5-7)


(Psalm 110:5-7) The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath. He shall judge among the heathen, he shall fill the places with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many countries. He shall drink of the brook in the way: therefore shall he lift up the head.


A day of wrath is coming when the Lord Jesus Christ will deal with His enemies once and for all (Revelation 19:11 through 20:15). Jesus Christ will be victorious and His head lifted up in exaltation.


If we know Jesus Christ as the Son of God and our great High Priest, then obey Him as our King, and seek to win others to Christ before He comes as Judge.




A. The Bible Speaks Of Miracles And Wonders And Signs. (Acts 2:22)


(Acts 2:22) Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know.


1. The statement.


I personally think that miracles and wonders and signs were all different. I believe that miracles were performed for one purpose, wonders for another purpose, and signs for another purpose.


2. The explanation.


Some miracles of healing were performed to prove who He was. And wonders were performed to get the attention of His hearers. Jesus did certain things that were to be signs.  These were the three areas in which our Lord moved.


B. The Apostle Said That What Happened Was Not Contrary To God’s Program. (Acts 2:23-24)


(Acts 2:23-24) Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain: Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.


1. The Lord’s crucifixion was not something that took God by surprise.


However, Peter makes it clear that this does not release men from their responsibility. Who is responsible for the crucifixion of Christ? The religious rulers were the ones who began the movement. I would say that they were largely to blame. They moved upon the multitude so that they produced mob action. They also maneuvered the Roman government to execute Him. Remember, Jesus Christ was crucified on a Roman cross. Peter is pointing his finger at his fellow Israelites.


2. There is no need to argue about who was responsible for Christ’s death.


There is no use in our debating about “who” was responsible for Jesus’ death back at that time. I’ll tell you who is responsible for His death. You are responsible, and I am responsible!


It was for my sins and for your sins that Jesus died. Listen to the words of the Lord Jesus:


“Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father” (John 10:17-18).


3. The apostle is speaking directly to those involved in the plot of the Crucifixion.


Peter is speaking to men who were involved in the conspiracy to kill Jesus, and Peter says, “Ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain.”


However, that is not the most important part of his message. He goes on to say, “Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death.” He preaches the resurrection of Jesus Christ.


4. This is the first sermon ever preached in the church age.


a. This is the beginning of the church age.


This is the Day of Pentecost. What is Peter’s theme? The theme is not the prophecy of Joel, as some say. The theme is the resurrection of Jesus Christ.


b. Peter is going to quote his Bible text.


He quotes from Psalm 16:8-10. I am glad he did that because this helps us to understand Psalm 16. Psalm 16 was written by King David.


(Psalm 16:8-10) I have set the Lord always before me: because he is at my right hand, I shall not be moved. Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest in hope. For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.




A. Apparently Peter Was Standing In The Temple Area. (Acts 2:29)


(Acts 2:29) Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day.


1. David is dead.


Peter could point his finger to the sepulchre of David. I have been told that you can stand in that temple area, and you can point your finger up to the top of Mount Zion where David is buried.


2. Jesus is alive.


Peter is saying, “It is obvious that David was NOT speaking about himself because his bones are right up there on the top of the hill. His grave is there; his body did undergo corruption.


3. Peter is preaching.


David is not speaking about himself but of Someone whom you and I know, Someone who did not see corruption but was raised from the dead.” That “Someone” is the Lord Jesus Christ.


B. Peter Preached About The Messiah’s Resurrection. (Acts 2:30-31)


(Acts 2:30-31) Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.


1. The King’s subject.


David was writing about the Messiah’s resurrection in Psalm 16, and David was, also, writing about the resurrection of Jesus Christ. You may say, “But I read Psalm 16 and it doesn’t say that Jesus Christ will rise from the dead.”


2. The Apostle’s subject.


What is the Apostle Peter talking about? His sermon is about the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The first sermon ever preached in the church age was an Easter sermon, a Resurrection sermon. And every sermon in the early church was an Easter sermon.


3. The Holy Spirit’s subject.


Here in Acts chapter 2 we have the Holy Spirit’s interpretation of this psalm. Now we can go back and read the psalm, knowing that it refers to the resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ.


C. Peter Stated That Jesus Was Raised From The Dead. (Acts 2:32)


(Acts 2:32) This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses.


Peter is saying to the crowd there that day, “This that you have seen -- that is, the miracle of hearing their own languages spoken by Galileans -- has taken place because Jesus was raised from the dead.”




Ø SEE “God’s Simple Plan of Salvation”: http://www.rtcol.com/purkey/index497.htm


The Simplicity of Salvation


Salvation is simple; all it requires is that you receive the Gospel message and that you receive Jesus into your life as Savior and Lord. However, there is one thing easier than getting saved and that is going to Hell.


To go to Hell, you have to do absolutely nothing! After all, you are headed there when you are born into this world and the only way to avoid Hell is to come to Jesus. Which will it be for you? Heaven or Hell!


CONCLUSION: On the Day of Pentecost, Simon Peter stood up before a crowd of Jews from around the world and proclaimed a message that literally changed the lives of 3,000 men that day. It is also a message that has continue to reverberate down the halls of time and is as fresh today as it was 2,000 years ago when it was first delivered.


The message Peter preached that day was God's precious plan of Salvation. In just a few verses, Peter was able, by the help of the Holy Spirit, to declare the message that can change the life of everyone who hears it and receives it. It is a message that has not changed, nor lost its power. It is a message that still brings hope to the hopeless, life to those dead in sin and forgiveness to those struggling under the burden of their sins.


THOUGHT TO REMEMBER: “Jesus who died to save us now lives to keep us.”


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REFERENCES: References used in the Bible study are the King James Bible (KJV), the Scofield Study Bible, the Believer’s Bible Commentary, Charles J. Woodbridge Bible Outlines, Lee Roberson’s Sermons, Don Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Women’s Study Bible, The Bible Reader’s Companion Ed. 3, The Nelson Study Bible: New King James Version, KJV Bible Commentary, Thru the Bible with J. Vernon McGee, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the New Testament ed. 4, Cliff Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the Old Testament, With the Word Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s “Be” Series: Old & New Testaments, selected illustrations, and other references.



E-mail: Ronald Purkey


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