Rev. Ronald C. Purkey claims no originality for this Bible study outline.
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A MODEL FOR
January 4, 2015
Question: “Where is the Lord's prayer found in the Bible?” There are two forms of the “Lord’s Prayer” recorded in the New Testament (1) a longer form in Matthew 6:5-14 as part of the Sermon on the Mount, and (2) a shorter form in Luke 11:1-4.
SCRIPTURE: Luke 11:1-13
A. Most people refer to Luke 11:1-4 as the “Lord’s Prayer.”
But in reality, it is the “Disciple’s Prayer.” It was given to them by Jesus Christ as a “pattern prayer” for them to follow when they prayed. Therefore, we could rightly call this prayer “A Model for Prayer.”
And it came to pass, that, as [Jesus] was praying in a certain place, when he ceased, one of his disciples said unto him, Lord, teach us to pray, as John also taught his disciples. (Luke 11:1)
Statement by Vernon McGee: This disciple asked the Lord, “Teach us to pray, as John also taught his disciples.” This is an unexpected glimpse into the life of John the Baptist -- sort of a farewell look at him because this is the last we’ll see him. In this last picture, what do we see? We see John as a man of prayer. “Teach us to pray, as John also taught his disciples.” Is anyone going to say that about you or me? All great servants of God have been men of prayer. The barren lives of Christians and the deadness of the church today are the result of prayerlessness. That is our problem. – By Vernon McGee, Thru the Bible with J. Vernon McGee
B. We are not to just mindlessly repeat this prayer from rote memory.
We are to use it as a framework upon which we can build a prayer life that puts (1) God’s name, (2) God’s kingdom, and (3) God’s will before the earthly needs of people.
C. Today, we are going to look at “A Model for Prayer.”
I. THE MODEL PRAYER. (Luke 11:2-4)
A. We are told to pray to God the Father. (Luke 11:2)
(Luke 11:2) 2 And he said unto them, When ye pray, say, Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, as in heaven, so in earth.
1. Who? “Our Father”
We are to pray to God the Father. The relationship between God the Father and God the Son is the relationship in deity. (1) Their relationship is a position. (2) They are part of the Trinity. (TRINITY: the FATHER, the SON, and the HOLY SPIRIT.)
You and I became a child of God through faith in Jesus Christ. God became “Our Father” when we accepted Christ as our Savior.
2. Where? “Which art in heaven.”
God is not a prisoner in this universe -- He is beyond and above it. (1) He is in the air spaces, (2) He is in the solar spaces, (3) and He is on the throne in Heaven. (Heaven is beyond outer space.) God is not limited by TIME or SPACE.
(1) God is the creator! (2) God is the One sitting upon the throne of the universe, and (3) God has everything under His control!
3. What? “Hallowed be thy name”
“Hallowed be thy name,” better translated, would read, “Let thy name be made holy.” In what way can you and I make God’s name holy? It is my belief that we make God’s name holy by the way we live our life.
B. We are to pray for the soon return of Jesus Christ. (Luke 11:2b)
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, as in heaven, so in earth. (Luke 11:2b)
Note: “Thy kingdom come” is the kingdom about which Luke in his gospel has been speaking, the kingdom which Jesus Christ will establish on this earth. This is a worthy petition for all of us to pray.
1. This is a request for Jesus to return to the earth.
The word "kingdom" does not refer to a geographic location, but to dominion and sovereignty. When we pray "Thy Kingdom Come," we are praying for the rule of Jesus Christ’s upon this earth.
2. This is also a personal request.
We are literally praying for the Kingdom of God to be realized in our own lives. If you have accepted Christ as your Savior, the Kingdom of God is in you -- Luke 17:21. Simply put, when we pray this prayer, we are asking Jesus to have supreme rule in our lives.
3. This is also an evangelistic request.
As we are yielded to God and He is ruling and reigning in our lives, we can play a part in bringing others to Christ. You see, another way God’s Kingdom is brought to the earth is when someone is brought to Christ for salvation.
C. We are to ask God to provide our needs. (Luke 11:3)
Give us day by day our daily bread. (Luke 11:3)
1. Prayer is asking.
As I have indicated, this prayer is a model for our own prayers. Now I want you to notice this petition for a moment.
It is a wonderful petition, so simple yet one that should come from our hearts with great enthusiasm. It speaks of our utter dependence upon God.
2. Prayer is receiving.
Our bodily wants, our physical necessities, all are supplied by our Heavenly Father day by day. “Give us … our daily bread.”
3. Prayer is much more.
Prayer should include (1) thanking God; (2) praising God; and (3) searching our thoughts, words, desires and actions as we confess our sins. (4) It should be a time of renewed commitment to God.
Prayer should be a time of waiting before God for him to speak to our hearts and minds and impress upon us about what He desires to do (1) with us, (2) for us and (3) through us.
D. We are to forgive. (Luke 11:4)
And forgive us our sins; for we also forgive every one that is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil. (Luke 11:4)
1. Accept God’s forgiveness. (If you are not a born again Christian, accept Christ.)
2. Forgive yourself. (You are not perfect; you are human! We have ALL sinned!)
3. Forgive others. (They are not perfect; they are human! We have ALL sinned!)
E. We are to experience God’s power. (Luke 11:4b)
…And lead us not into temptation… (Luke 11:4b)
1. “Lead us not into temptation.”
Note: The Apostle James says "God does not tempt anyone." That’s true! A better translation here would be, “Leave us not in temptation.”
1. It does not mean to keep us out of temptation.
2. But when we are in it, do NOT leave us there in temptation.
F. We are to experience deliverance from evil. (Luke 11:4c)
…but deliver us from evil. (Luke 11:4c)
This deliverance is from the evil one. Deliver us from the Devil. Satan is today an awful reality. The world has tried many times to get rid of him.
1. They laughed at Martin Luther who threw an inkwell at the Devil.
2. But anyone who stands for God knows the awful reality of Satan.
As we work in any church (1) we become conscious of the presence of God and (2) also dreadfully conscious of the presence of Satan. (3) But we have this petition: “deliver us from the evil one.”
II. PERSISTENCE IN PRAYER. (Luke 11:5-10)
A. The illustration. (Luke 11:5-8)
And he said unto them, Which of you shall have a friend, and shall go unto him at midnight, and say unto him, Friend, lend me three loaves; For a friend of mine in his journey is come to me, and I have nothing to set before him? And he from within shall answer and say, Trouble me not: the door is now shut, and my children are with me in bed; I cannot rise and give thee. I say unto you, Though he will not rise and give him, because he is his friend, yet because of his importunity he will rise and give him as many as he needeth. (Luke 11:5-8)
1. The basis.
We have already seen that prayer is based on sonship (“Our Father”), not on friendship; but Jesus used friendship to illustrate persistence in prayer.
God the Father is not like this neighbor, for He never sleeps, never gets impatient or irritable, is always generous, and delights in meeting the needs of His children.
The friend at the door had to keep on knocking in order to get what he needed, but God is quick to respond to His children’s cries (Luke 18:1-8).
2. The argument.
The argument is clear: If persistence finally paid off as a man beat on the door of a reluctant friend, how much more would persistence bring blessing as we pray to a loving Heavenly Father!
After all, we are the children in the house with Him! The word translated “importunity” means “shamelessness” or “avoidance of shame.” It can refer to the man at the door who was not ashamed to wake up his friend, but it can also refer to the friend in the house.
3. The reason.
Why does our Father in heaven answer prayer? Not just to meet the needs of His children, but to meet them in such a way that it brings glory to His name.
“Hallowed be Thy name.” When God’s people pray, God’s reputation is at stake. The way He takes care of His children is a witness to the world that He can be trusted.
Note: Phillips Brooks said that prayer is not overcoming God’s reluctance; it is laying hold of God’s highest willingness. Persistence in prayer is not an attempt to change God’s mind (“Thy will be done”) but to get ourselves to the place where God can trust us with the answer.
B. The process. (Luke 11:9-10)
And I say unto you, Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you. For every one that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened. (Luke 11:9-10)
1. The means.
The tenses of the verbs are important here: “Keep on asking … keep on seeking … keep on knocking.” In other words, don’t come to God only in the midnight emergencies, but keep in constant communion with your Father. Jesus called this “abiding”, and Paul exhorted, “Pray without ceasing” in 1 Thessalonians 5:17.
2. The result.
As we pray, (1) God will either answer or (2) show us why He cannot answer.
Then it is up to us to do whatever is necessary in our lives so that the Father can trust us with the answer.
III. GOOD ANSWERS TO PRAYER. (Luke 11:11-13)
If a son shall ask bread of any of you that is a father, will he give him a stone? or if he ask a fish, will he for a fish give him a serpent? Or if he shall ask an egg, will he offer him a scorpion? If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him? (Luke 11:11-13)
A. The lesson.
Notice that the lesson closes with an emphasis on God as Father. Because (1) God knows us and (2) loves us, we never need to be afraid of the answers that He gives.
B. The blessing.
Again, Jesus argued from the lesser to the greater: if an earthly father gives what is best to his children, surely the Father in heaven will do even more.
This even includes “the good things of the Holy Spirit”, blessings that in the Old Testament were reserved only for a special few.
If you are “born again”, (1) you are a child of God, and (2) God takes care of His own.
Vernon McGee’s Testimony
A. May I say that [the so-called “Lord’s Prayer” of Luke 11:1-4] is a marvelous prayer for a new believer to pray privately in learning to pray.
My own mother was not saved until late in life. She didn’t know how to pray, and she began by just repeating the Lord’s Prayer. Finally she graduated from this, and she could pray her own prayer.
B. When we are teaching our children to pray, we begin them with, “Now I lay me down to sleep.”
Then one day little Billie adds, “God bless mama and God bless papa.” That is a thrilling moment for us, because they are beginning to pray on their own.
C. And our Lord gave the so-called Lord’s Prayer as a model.
It is a glorious, wonderful prayer, and it shows us what we should include in our own prayers. He would like us to learn to pray in our own words when we talk to Him. – Vernon McGee, Thru the Bible with J. Vernon McGee
CONCLUSION: The following are some things to notice about the Lord’s Prayer:
(1) The Lord’s Prayer is a “pattern prayer” not given to be recited thoughtlessly.
(2) The Lord’s Prayer is a model for us to use to learn how to pray.
(3) The Lord’s Prayer is a “family prayer” -- notice the repeated “our” and “us.”
(4) The Lord’s Prayer puts God’s name, God’s kingdom, and God’s will before the earthly needs of people.
(5) And The Lord’s Prayer cautions us against selfish praying.
THOUGHT TO REMEMBER: “Prayer is a mighty instrument, not for getting man’s will done in Heaven, but for getting God’s will done on earth.” -- Robert Law
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REFERENCES: References used in the Bible study are the King James Bible (KJV), Dr. J. Vernon McGee © Thru the Bible Radio Network ( www.ttb.org ), the Scofield Study Bible, the Believer’s Bible Commentary, Dr. Charles J. Woodbridge Bible Outlines, Dr. Lee Roberson’s Sermons, Dr. Charles Stanley: ( http://www.intouch.org/ ), Don Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Women’s Study Bible, The Bible Reader’s Companion Ed. 3, The Nelson Study Bible: New King James Version, KJV Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the New Testament ed. 4, Dr. David Jeremiah: ( http://www.davidjeremiah.org/site/ ) Dr. Cliff Robinson’s Bible Outlines, Wiersbe’s Expository Outlines of the Old Testament, With the Word Bible Commentary, Wiersbe’s “Be” Series: Old & New Testaments, RBC Ministries ( http://rbc.org/ ), selected illustrations, and other references.
REV. RONALD PURKEY’S OFFICE
E-mail: Ronald Purkey