WEBPAGE QUICK LINK

1941 1942 
Keel was laid Launched by Dr. Aurelia H. Reinhardt

1941

January  February March  April May  June
July August  September October November December

1942

January February March April May June
July August September October November December

PACIFIC AREA WW II
HISTORY 1941-42

THANKS TO UNITED STATES NAVAL CHRONOLOGY, WORLD WAR II
I have edited the above files for the South Pacific area only.

The EDITED TEXT is shown in alternate RED AND BLUE lines.
ALLIED SHIPS SUNK text is shown in BLACK
HISTORY OF USS OAKLAND text is shown in GREEN


1941

02/01 Sat. Navy announces reorganization of United States Fleet: old names Atlantic Fleet and Pacific Fleet revived; Asiatic Fleet remains unchanged. Adm. H. E. Kimmel relieves Adm. J. O. Richardson as Commander in Chief United States Pacific Fleet, with additional duty as Command in Chief United States Fleet; Patrol Force, United States Fleet, becomes Atlantic Fleet and Adm. E. J. King becomes Commander in Chief United States Atlantic Fleet; Adm. T. C. Hart continues as Commander in Chief United States Asiatic Fleet.

04/09 Wed. Battleship NORTH CAROLINA (BB-55) is commissioned at Philadelphia, Pa. 

06/02 Mon. LONG ISLAND (AVG-1), the first escort carrier, is commissioned
at Newport News, Va.

06/30 Mon. Naval vessels on hand (all types) - 1,899

Personnel 
Navy 284,427 Marine Corps ..54,359
Coast Guard ..19,235 Total personnel 358,021

07/15 The KEEL of USS OAKLAND CL-95 was laid on the ways of Bethlehem Steel Company, San Francisco, California.

09/27 Sat. First Liberty Ship, SS PATRICK HENRY, is launched at Baltimore, Md.

10/20 Mon. Carrier HORNET (CV-8) is commissioned at Norfolk, Va. 

12/07 Sun. REMEMBER PEARL HARBOR. Japanese carrier-based horizontal bombers, dive bombers, torpedo bombers, and fighters totaling 360 aircraft from naval Striking Force (Vice Adm. C. Nagumo) heavily attack ships of the United States Pacific Fleet and military installations at Pearl harbor and other places on Oahu, T. H. Navy Yard and Naval Base, Pearl Harbor; Naval Air Station, Ford Island; Naval Patrol Plane Station, Kaneohe; Marine Corps airfield, Ewa; Army airfields Hickam, Wheeler, and Bellows are damaged; 188 Naval and Army aircraft are destroyed.

Killed or Missing
Navy 2,004 Marine Corps 108 Army 222
Wounded
Navy ...912 Marine Corps .75. Army 360

[Personnel casualty statistics for the Pearl Harbor attack have been revised several times after evaluation of new data. The figures presented here were compiled in 1955 from official sources.] Japanese lose 5 midget submarines, 28 aircraft, and fewer than 100 men. Midway Island is bombarded by two Japanese destroyers. President orders mobilization. Japanese declaration of war reaches Washington, D. C. United States naval vessels sunk by air attack: Battleship OKLAHOMA (BB-37). Battleship ARIZONA (BB-39). Battleship CALIFORNIA (BB-44). Battleship WEST VIRGINA (BB-48). [All ships sunk, except ARIZONA, OKLAHOMA, and UTAH, were raised, repaired, and subsequently returned to service.] MinelayerOGALA (CM-4). Target ship UTAH (AG-16). United States naval vessels damaged: Battleship NEVADA (BB-36). Battleship PENNSYLVANIA (BB-38). Battleship TENNESSEE (BB-43). Battleship MARYLAND (BB-46). Light cruiser RALEIGH (CL-7). Light cruiser HONOLULU (CL-48). Light cruiser HELENA (CL-50). Destroyer CASSIN (DD-372). Destroyer SHAW (DD-373). Destroyer DOWNES (DD-375). Seaplane tender CURTISS (AV-4). Repair ship VESTAL (AR-4). Japanese naval vessels lost: 5 midget submarines.

12/08 Mon. United States declares war on Japan. Striking Force, Asiatic Fleet (Rear Adm. W. A. Glassford) departs Iloilo, P. I., for Makassar Strait, Netherlands East Indies. Japanese aircraft in widely scattered operations bomb Guam, Wake, Hong Kong, Singapore, and the Philippine Islands. Extensive damage is inflicted on United States Army aircraft at Clark Field, Luzon, P. I. Japanese forces land on Batan Island, north of Luzon, P. I., and on east coast of Malay Peninsula. Japan interns United States Marines and nationals at Shanghai and Tientsin, China.

12/09 Tue. Japanese occupy Bangkok, Thailand. Japanese land on Tarawa and Makin, Gilbert Islands. China declares war on Japan, Germany, and Italy.

12/10 Wed. Cavite Navy Yard, P. I., is heavily damaged by enemy air attack. Guam surrenders to Japanese landing force. Japanese land on Camiguin Island and at Gonzaga and Aparri, Luzon, P. I. United States naval vessels damaged: Destroyer PEARY (DD-226), by horizontal bomber. Submarine SEADRAGON (SS-194), by horizontal bomber. Submarine SEALION (SS-195), by horizontal bomber. Minesweeper BITTERN (AM-36), by horizontal bomber. Japanese naval vessels sunk: Submarine I-170, by carrier-based aircraft, Hawaiian Islands area, 23 d. 45' N., 155 d. 35' W. Minesweeper No. 10, by Army aircraft, Philippine Islands area, 17 d. 32' N., 120 d. 22' E. Minesweeper No. 19, damaged by Army aircraft and grounded by own forces (total loss), Philippine Islands area, 18 d. 22, N., 121 d. 38'. E.

12/11 Thu. Germany and Italy declare war on the United States. United States declare war on Germany and Italy. Japanese make landings at Legaspi, Luzon, P. I. Marines on Wake Island repulse Japanese landing attempt and sink two enemy destroyers. Japanese naval vessels sunk: Destroyer HAYATE, by Marine shore batteries. Destroyer KISARAGI, by Marine aircraft.

12/17 Wed. Rear Adm. C. W. Nimitz is ordered to relieve Adm. H. E. Kimmel as Commander in Chief Pacific Fleet, with rank of Admiral; Vice Adm. W. S. Pye becomes acting Commander in Chief Pacific Fleet, pending arrival of Admiral Nimitz. Japanese land at Miri, Sarawak, Borneo.

12/20 Sat. Adm. E. J. King is designated Commander in Chief United States Fleet with headquarters in the Navy Department, Washington, D. C.

12/23 Tue. Wake Island, which had been subjected to prolonged enemy bombing, surrenders to Japanese invasion force.

12/24 Wed. Japanese land at Lamon Bay, Luzon, P. I.

12/25 Thu. Adm. T. C. Hart turns over all remaining naval forces in the Philippine Islands to Rear Adm. F. W. Rockwell; Admiral Hart departs in submarine for Java to establish new headquarters of Asiatic Fleet. British surrender Hong Kong.

12/29 Mon. Corregidor, P. I., is bombed for first time by Japanese aircraft. United States naval vessels damaged: Submarine tender CANOPUS (AS-9), by horizontal bomber, Philippine Islands area, 14 d. 25' N., 120 d. 20' E.

12/30 Tue. Adm. E. J. King assumes duties as Commander in Chief United States Fleet.

12/31 Wed. Adm. C. W. Nimitz assumes command of Pacific Fleet.

1942

01/01 Thu. Adm. R. E. Ingersoll succeeds Adm. E. J. King as Commander in Chief Atlantic Fleet.

01/02 Fri. Manila and Cavite, P. I., fall to the Japanese.

01/06 Tue. Japanese amphibious force occupies Brunei Bay, Borneo. 

01/11 Sun. Japanese begin invasion of Netherlands East Indies by landings at Tarakan and Jesselton, Borneo; Menado and Kema, Celebes. United States naval vessels damaged: Carrier SARATOGA (CV-3), by submarine torpedo, 500 miles southwest of Oahu, T. H.

01/21 Wed. United States naval vessels damaged: Light cruiser BOISE (CL-47), by grounding, Sape Strait, Netherlands East Indies.

01/23 Fri. Japanese land at Balikpapan, Borneo. Japanese occupy Rabaul, New Britain, and land at Kieta, Bougainville, Solomon Islands.

01/24 Sat. Battle of Balikpapan (Battle of Makassar Strait): Japanese Borneo invasion convoy undergoes night torpedo attack off Balikpapan, Borneo, by destroyer division (Cdr. P. H. Talbot) composed of PARROTT (DD-218), POPE (DD-225), JOHN. D. FORD (DD-228), and PAUL JONES (DD-230); four enemy transports and a patrol craft are sunk. Japanese land at Kendari, Celebes; Kavieng, New Ireland; Subic Bay, P. I. United States naval vessel damaged: Destroyer JOHN D. FORD (DD-228) by naval gunfire, Netherlands East Indies area, 12 d. 00' S., 117 d. 01' E.

01/28 Wed. Japanese land on Rossel Island off New Guinea.

01/29 Thu. Japanese land at Badoeng Island and Mampawan, Celebes. Japanese land at Amboina Island, Netherlands East Indies.

02/01 Sun. Two carrier task forces (Vice Adm. W. F. Halsey and Rear Adm. F. J. Fletcher) and a bombardment group (Rear Adm. R. A. Spruance), totaling 2 aircraft carriers, 5 cruisers, and 10 destroyers, attack Kwajalein, Wotje, Maloelap, Jaluit, and Mili in the Marshall Islands and Makin, Gilbert Islands. United States naval vessels damaged: Carrier ENTERPRISE (CV-6), by suicide bomber, Marshall-Gilberts raid. 10 d. 33' N., 171 d. 53' E. Heavy cruiser CHESTER (CA-27), by dive bomber, Marshall-Gilberts raid. 08 d. 45' N., 171 d. 33' E. 02/04 Wed. Japanese aircraft bomb allied force (Rear Adm. K. W. F. M. Doorman, Royal Netherlands Navy) of 4 cruisers and accompanying destroyers attempting transit of Madoera Strait to attack Japanese Borneo invasion fleet: United States naval vessels damaged: Heavy Cruiser HOUSTON (CA-30), by horizontal bombers. Light cruiser MARBLEHEAD (CL-12), by horizontal bombers. 07 d. 23' S., 115 d. 47' E. Japanese troops land at Gasmata, New Britain. Japanese forces land on Sumatra, Netherlands East Indies.

02/19 Thu. Bali, Netherlands East Indies, is invaded by the Japanese. Battle of Badoeng Strait starts at night and continues the next day. Allied naval force (Rear Adm. K. W. F. M. Doorman, Royal Netherlands Navy) of three cruisers and accompanying destroyers attack retiring Japanese Bali occupation force in Badoeng Strait.

02/20 Fri. Japanese invade Timor Island in the Netherlands East Indies. United States naval vessel damaged: Destroyer STEWART (DD-224), by naval gunfire, Battle of Badoeng Strait. 07 d. 18' S., 112 d. 46' E. 02/27 Fri. Battle of Java Sea is fought as Allied naval force (Read Adm. K. W. F. M. Doorman, Royal Netherlands Navy) of 5 cruisers and 11 destroyers in Java Sea near Surabaya attacks enemy force covering Java invasion convoy. United States naval vessel damaged: Heavy Cruiser HOUSTON (CA-30), by naval gunfire.

03/01 Sun. Battle of Sunda Strait which commenced shortly before midnight 28 February 1942 continues. After the Battle of the Java Sea (see 27 February 1942) Allied vessels heading for Sunda Strait are attacked by superior Japanese surface forces. United States naval vessels sunk: Heavy Cruiser HOUSTON (CA-30), by torpedoes and gunfire. 05 d. 50' S., 105 D. 55' E. Destroyer POPE (DD-225), by dive bomber, and surface gunfire. 04 d. 00' S., 111 d. 30' E. Destroyer EDSALL (DD-219), by naval gunfire, south of Christmas Island, Destroyer PILLSBURY (DD-227), by naval gunfire, south of Christmas Island, 14 d. 30' S., 106 d. 30' E. Oiler PECOS (AO-6), by dive bomber, south of Christmas Island, 14 d. 27' S., 106 d. 11' E.

03/08 Sun. Japanese forces invade Lae and Salamaua, New Guinea. 

03/10 Tue. Aircraft from carriers LEXINGTON (CV-2) and YORKTOWN (CV-5) bomb Japanese shipping at Salamaua and Lae, New Guinea. Japanese invade Finschhafen, New Guinea.(See 26 March 1942).

03/20 Fri. Battleship South Dakota (BB-57) is commissioned at New York, N. Y.

03/29 Sun. Marines arrive at Efate, New Hebrides. 

03/30 Mon. Christmas Island is occupied by Japanese forces.

04/01 Wed. Japanese occupy Buka Island, Solomon Islands.

04/03 Fri. Adm. C. W. Nimitz, USN, is named Commander in Chief Pacific Ocean Areas (CINCPOA); Admiral Nimitz is also Commander in Chief Pacific Fleet (CINCPAC). 

04/09 Thu. United States-Philippine forces on Bataan, P. I., surrender to the Japanese.

04/18 Sat. Vice Adm. W. F. Halsey in carrier HORNET (CV-8) launches 16 Army B-25's (Lt. Col. J. H. Doolittle) at point over 650 miles east of Honshu, Japan; bombers hit Tokyo, Yokosuka, Yokohoma, Kobe, and Nagoya, Japan. 

04/30 Thu. Battleship INDIANA (BB-58) is commissioned at Newport News, Va.

05/02 Sat. Japanese land on Florida Island, Solomon Islands.

05/04 Mon. Battle of the Coral Sea (4-8 May) commences with an air strike on Tulagi, Solomon Islands, by United States carrier-based aircraft. Allied naval forces (Rear Adm. F. J. Fletcher, USN) comprise:

Attack Group (Rear Adm. T. C. Kinkaid, USN) of United States cruisers CHESTER (CA-27), NEW ORLEANS (CA-32), PORTLAND (CA-33), ASTORIA (CA-34), MINNEAPOLIS (CA-36). Destroyers FARRAGUT (DD-348), DEWEY (DD-340), MONAGHAN (DD-354), AYLWIN (DD-355) and PHELPS (DD-360).

Support Group (Rear Adm. J. G. Crace, RN) with United States cruiser CHICAGO (CA-29), Australian cruisers AUSTRALIA and HOBART. United States Destroyers PERKINS (DD-377) and WALKE (DD- 416).

Carrier Group (Rear Adm. A. W. Fitch, USN) consisting of United States carriers LEXINGTON (CV-2) and YORKTOWN (CV-5). Destroyers ANDERSON (DD-411), HAMMANN (DD-412), RUSSELL (DD-414), and MORRIS (DD-417).

Fueling Group (Capt. J. S. Phillips, USN) including United States oilers TIPPECANOE (AO-21) and NEOSHO (A0-23). Destroyers WORDEN (DD-352) and SIMS (DD-409).

Japanese naval vessel sunk: Destroyer KIKUZUKI, by carrier-based aircraft, Tulagi, Solomon Islands.

05/05 Tue. Rear Adm. F. J. Fletcher's Allied force, after fueling, changes course to intercept Japanese Port Moresby Invasion Group (Battle of Coral Sea, 4-8 May). Japanese forces land on Corregidor, P. I.

05/06 Wed. Rear Adm. F. J. Fletcher's Allied force is steaming on course to intercept Japanese Port Moresby Invasion Group (Battle of Coral Sea, 4-8 May). Corregidor and Manila Bay forts, P. I., surrender to the Japanese.

05/07 Thu. Rear Adm. F. J. Fletcher's Allied force turns north to engage Japanese Attack Group. Support Group (Rear Adm. Crace, RN) is detached to intercept enemy Port Moresby Invasion Group. Admiral Crace's ships are attacked by enemy torpedo bombers and land-based bombers and, mistaken for Japanese Port Moresby Invasion Force, are bombed by Army B-26 aircraft. Carrier aircraft attack Japanese Support Group and sink aircraft carrier SHOHO (Battle of the Coral Sea, 4-8 May). United States naval vessel sunk: Destroyer SIMS (DD-409), by dive bomber. 15 d. 10' S., 158 d. 05' E. United States naval vessel damaged: Oiler NEOSHO (AO-23), by dive bomber, and sunk by Unites States forces 11 May 1942. 15 d. 10' S., 158 d. 05' E., Japanese naval vessel sunk: Carrier SHOHO, by carrier-based aircraft, 10 d. 29' S., 152 d. 55' E. Hollandia, New Guinea, is occupied by Japanese forces.

05/08 Fri. Carrier LEXINGTON (CV-2) search aircraft sight Japanese carriers SHOKAKU and ZUIKAKU. Rear Adm. F. J. Fletcher's carrier aircraft damage SHOKAKU and force her retirement. At the same time, Japanese aircraft hit carriers YORKTOWN (CV-5) and LEXINGTON (CV-2), damaging the latter to such an extent that destroyer PHELPS (DD-360) is ordered to sink her. (Battle of the Coral Sea 4-8 May.) [This is the first battle in modern naval history in which opposing warships did not exchange a shot; all damage was inflicted by carrier aircraft. Coral Sea was a strategic United States victory. The heretofore uninterrupted Japanese push southeastward was halted.] United States naval vessel sunk: Carrier LEXINGTON (CV-2), severely damaged by carrier-based torpedo bombers and, in sinking condition, sunk by United States forces. 15 d. 12 S., 155 d. 27' E. United States naval vessel damaged: Carrier YORKTOWN (CV-5), by carrier-based dive bombers. 14 d. 35' S., 155 d. 15' E. 

05/12 Tue. Battleship MASSACHUSETTS (BB-59) is commissioned at Boston, Mass.

05/28 Thu. United States forces arrive at Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides Islands.

06/02 Tue. Two carrier task forces (Rear Adm. F. J. Fletcher and Rear Adm. R. A. Spruance) rendezvous about 350 miles northeast of Midway Island. [Composition of United States naval forces at the Battle of Midway was as follows:]

Rear Adm. F. J. Fletcher (Task Force 17) - Carrier YORKTOWN (CV-5), Heavy cruiser PORTLAND (CA-33) and ASTORIA (CA-34). Destroyers HUGHES (DD-410), ANDERSON (DD-411), HAMMANN (DD-412), RUSSELL (DD-414), MORRIS (DD-417), and GWIN (DD-433);

Rear Adm. R. A. Spruance (Task Force 16) - Carriers ENTERPRISE (CV-6) and HORNET (CV-8), Heavy cruiser PENSACOLA (CA-24), NORTHAMPTON (CA-26), NEW ORLEANS (CA-32), MINNEAPOLIS (CA-36), and VINCENNES (CA-44), Light cruiser ATLANTA (CL-51), Destroyers DEWEY (DD-349), WORDEN (DD-352), MONAGHAN (DD-354), AYLWIN (DD-355), PHELPS (DD-360) BALCH (DD-363), CONYNGHAM (DD-371), BENHAM (DD-397), ELLET (DD-398), MAURY (DD-401), and MONSSEN (DD-436), Oilers CIMARRON (AO-22), and PLATTE (AO-24).

Submarines on patrol and scouting duty NARWHAL (SS-167), NAUTILUS (SS-168), DOLPHIN (SS-169), CACHALOT (SS-170), CUTTLEFISH (SS-171), PIKE (SS-173), TARPON (SS-175), PLUNGER (SS-179), TAMBOR (SS-198), TROUT (SS-202), GRAYLING (SS-209), GRENADIER (SS-210), GUDGEON (SS-211), GATO (SS-212), GROUPER (SS-214), GROWLER (SS-215), FLYING FISH (SS-229), FINBACK (SS-230), and TRIGGER (SS-237).]

06/03 Wed. Midway-based aircraft locate and attack transports of Japanese Combined Fleet (Admiral Yamamoto) about 600 miles west of Midway Island.

06/04 Thu. Battle of Midway (4-6 June) opens as aircraft from four Japanese carriers strike Midway Island installations, which are defended by Marine and Army aircraft. Carrier task forces (Rear Adm. F. J. Fletcher and Rear Adm. R. A. Spruance) launch aircraft from carriers ENTERPRISE (CV-6) , HORNET (CV-6), and YORKTOWN (CV-5) which hit four Japanese carriers. YORKTOWN is disabled by Japanese carrier aircraft. Admiral Yamamoto abandons Midway plans and retires westward. United States naval vessel damaged: Carrier YORKTOWN (CV-5), by carrier-based aircraft. 33 d. 51' N., 177 d. 01' W. Japanese naval vessels sunk: Carrier KAGA, by carrier-based aircraft. 30 d. 23' N., 177 d. 01' W. Carrier SORYU, by carrier-based aircraft and submarine NAUTILUS (SS-168). 30 d. 42' N., 179 d. 37' W. 

06/05 Fri. Carrier task force (Rear Adm. R. A. Spruance) pursues Japanese fleet westward (Battle of Midway, 4-6 June). Japanese naval vessels sunk: Carrier AKAGI, damaged by carrier-based aircraft, Battle of Midway, sunk by own forces, 30 d. 30' N., 179 d. 40' W. Carrier HIRYU, damaged by carrier-based aircraft, Battle of Midway, sunk by own forces, 31 d. 28 N., 179 d. 24' E.

06/06 Sat. Aircraft from carriers ENTERPRISE (CV-6) and HORNET (CV-8) attack Japanese force retiring from Midway. After recovering aircraft, United States force changes course eastward to refuel and breaks contact with the enemy (Battle of Midway, 4-6 June). [Battle of Midway was one of the most decisive battles in naval history. It was the turning point of the Pacific War. In addition to the crippling loss of four aircraft carriers, the Japanese suffered the loss of a large percentage of their most highly trained and battle-experienced carrier pilots. (See 2 to 6 June 1942).] United States naval vessel sunk: Destroyer HAMMANN (DD-412), by submarine torpedo. 30 d. 36' N., 176 d. 34' w. Japanese naval vessel sunk: Heavy cruiser MIKUMA, by naval carrier-based aircraft and Marine land-based aircraft. 30 d. 00' N., 173 d. 00' E.

06/07 Sun. Japanese occupy Kiska and Attu, Aleutian Islands, Alaska. United States naval vessels sunk: Carrier YORKTOWN (CV-5), by Japanese submarine torpedo, as she retires, damaged. 30 d. 36' N., 176 d. 34' 

06/30 Tue. Naval vessels on hand (all types)....5,612

Personnel.
Navy 640,570 Marine Corps 143,528
Coast Guard ..58,998 Total personnel 843,096

07/21 Tue. Japanese land and occupy Buna, New Guinea.

07/30 Thu. Women's Naval Reserve (WAVES) is established.

08/07 Fri. Marines land on Florida, Tulagi, Gavutu, Tanambogo, and
Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, in the first American land offensive of the war. Under cover of naval surface and air forces (Vice Adm. F. J. Fletcher), the 1st Marine Division (Maj. Gen. A. A. Vandegrift) is put ashore by Amphibious Force, South Pacific (Rear Adm. R. K. Turner). The landings are supported by carrier and shore-based aircraft (Rear Adm. L. Noyes and Rear Adm. J. S. McCain). 
The overall commander is Vice Adm. R. L. Ghormley, Commander South Pacific, and the officer in tactical command is Vice Adm. F. J. Fletcher. Naval cruiser and destroyer force (Rear Adm. W. W. Smith) bombards Kiska, Aleutian Islands. United States naval vessel damaged: Destroyer MUGFORD (DD-389), by dive bomber, Solomon Islands area, 09 d. 00' S., 160 d. 00' E. 

08/08 Sat. Marines win control of Tulagi, Gavutu, and Tanambogo, Solomon Islands. An unfinished enemy air strip on Guadalcanal is captured and renamed Henderson Field. United States naval vessel sunk: Transport GEORGE F. ELLIOTT (AP-13), damaged by suicide bombers, Solomon Islands area, and 
sunk by United States forces, 09 d. 10' S., 160, 10' E. United States naval vessels damaged: Destroyer JARVIS (DD-393), by aircraft torpedo, Solomon Islands 
area, 09 d. 10' S., 160 d. 01 E. 

08/09 Sun. Battle of Savo Island commences in the darkness as a Japanese force of 7 cruisers and 1 destroyer approaches west of Savo Island, Solomon Islands, undetected. The enemy sinks 4 Allied cruisers and damages 1 other cruiser and 2 destroyers by torpedo and gunfire before retiring. Allied ships depart Guadalcanal area. Japanese vessels temporarily control waters around Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. United States naval vessels sunk: Heavy Cruisers ASTORIA (CA-34), QUINCY (CA-39), and VINCENNES (CA-44), by naval gunfire, [Fourth cruiser sunk was the Australian ship CANBERRA,] Destroyer JARVIS (DD-393), by aircraft attack, Solomon Islands, 09 d. 42' S., 158 d. 59' E. United States naval vessels damaged: Heavy cruiser CHICAGO (CA-29), by destroyer torpedo; Destroyers RALPH TALBOT (DD-390) and PATTERSON (DD-392), by naval gunfire.

08/16 Sun. Battleship ALABAMA (BB-60) is commissioned at Portsmouth, Va.

08/17 Mon. Second Raider Battalion ("Carlson's Raiders"), Marine Corps, transported by submarines NAUTILUS (SS-168) and ARGONAUT (APS-1) 
raids Makin Island in the Gilbert Islands; Nautilus gunfire supports Marines ashore.

08/24 Mon. Battle of the Eastern Solomons begins and continues into the next day. Naval carrier-based aircraft (Vice Adm. F. J. Fletcher) supported by Marine and Army aircraft turn back major Japanese attempt to recapture Guadalcanal and Tulagi, Solomon Islands. United States naval vessel damaged: Carrier ENTERPRISE (CV-6), by dive bomber. 08 d. 38 S., 163 d. 30 ' E. Japanese naval vessel sunk: Carrier RYUJO, by carrier-based aircraft. 06 d. 10' S., 160 d. 50' E.

08/25 Tue. Japanese occupy Nauru, Gilbert Islands, and Goodenough Island, off southeast coast of New Guinea. Japanese naval vessel sunk: Destroyer MUZUKI, by Army aircraft, Battle of Eastern Solomons.

08/30 Sun. United States Naval and Army forces occupy Adak, Aleutian Islands, for air and naval base. United States naval vessel sunk: High speed transport CALHOUN (APD-2), by horizontal bomber, Solomon Islands area, 09 d. 24' S., 160 d. 01' E.

08/31 Mon. United States naval vessel damaged: Carrier SARATOGA (CV-3), by submarine torpedo, 260 miles southeast of Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, 10 d. 34' S., 164 d. 18' E. 

09/05 Sat. United States naval vessels sunk: High speed transports GREGORY (APD-3) and LITTLE (APD-4), by surface ship gunfire, Solomon Islands area, 09 d. 20' S., 160 d. 01' E. 

09/06 Sun. United States naval vessel damaged: Battleship SOUTH DAKOTA (BB-57), by hitting coral reef, Lahai Passage, Tonga Islands.

09/15 Tue. Carrier task force (Rear Adm. L. Noyes) covering transport of reinforcements from Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, to Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, is attacked by 2 Japanese submarines which sink 1 aircraft carrier and damage a battleship and a destroyer. Japanese battleships bombard Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. United States naval vessels sunk: Carrier WASP (CV-7),severely damaged by submarine torpedo, near Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, sunk by United States forces. 12 d. 25' S., 164 d. 08' E.; United States naval vessels damaged: Battleship NORTH CAROLINA (BB-55) and destroyer O'BRIEN (DD-415), by submarine torpedoes, near Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides Japanese forces evacuate Attu, Aleutian Islands. (See 30 Oct. 1942.)

09/18 Fri. Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, is reinforced by 7th Marine Regiment.

09/24 Thu. Japanese land on Maiana, Gilbert Islands.

09/25 Fri. Japanese land on Beru, Gilbert Islands.

09/27 Sun. Japanese land on Kuria, Gilbert Islands. 10 d. 47' S., 161 d. 16' E. 

09/30 Wed. United States naval vessels damaged: Heavy cruiser SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38) and destroyer BREESE (DD-122), by collision, New Hebrides area, 15 d. 39' S., 167 d. 39' E.] 

10/02 Fri. Marines occupy Funafuti, Ellice Islands.

10/05 Mon. Carrier-based aircraft (Rear Adm. G. D. Murrary) bomb Buin-Tonolei area and Faisi, Bougainville, Solomon Islands.

10/11 Sun. Battle of Cape Esperance commences at night and continues on 12 October. Surface forces (Rear Adm. N. Scott) attack enemy cruisers and destroyers headed for Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, on the "Tokyo Express." Two United States cruisers and two destroyers are damaged. One Japanese destroyer is sunk; two cruisers and one destroyer are damaged. United States naval vessels damaged: Heavy cruiser SALT LAKE CITY (CA-25), by naval gunfire. Light cruiser BOISE (CL-47), by naval gunfire. Destroyers DUNCAN (DD-485), by naval gunfire. Destroyers FARENHOLT (DD-491), by naval gunfire. Japanese naval vessel sunk: Destroyer FUBUKI, by surface craft, off Savo Island.

10/12 Mon. United State vessel sunk: Destroyer DUNCAN (DD-485), by naval gunfire, off Savo Island. Japanese naval vessels sunk: Cruiser FURUTAKA, by surface craft, off Savo Island. Destroyer NATSUGUMO, by Naval and Marine aircraft, off Savo Island. Destroyer MURAKUMO, by Naval and Marine aircraft, off Savo Island.

10/13 Tue. 1st Marine Division is reinforced by 164th Infantry Regiment of Americal Division, United States Army; this is the first major unit to reach Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands.

10/14 Wed. Motor torpedo boats engage Japanese destroyers screening battleships and cruisers bombarding Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. United States naval vessel sunk: Destroyer MEREDITH (DD-434), by aircraft torpedo, off San Cristobal, Solomon Islands.

10/19 Mon. United States naval vessel sunk: Destroyer O'BRIEN (DD-415), 
enroute to United States for battle repairs, by breaking in two, off Samoa, 
13 d. 30' S., 171 d. 18' E.

10/20 Tue. United States naval vessel damaged: Heavy cruiser CHESTER (CA-27), by submarine torpedo, between San Cristobal, Solomon Islands and Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, 13 d. 31 S., 163 d. 17' E.

10/23 The USS OAKLAND CL-95 was LAUNCHED, sponsored by Dr. Aurelia H. Reinhardt, President of Mills College, Oakland, California.

10/26 Mon. Battle of Santa Cruz Islands is joined as carrier task forces (Rear Adm. T. C. Kinkaid and Rear Adm. G. D. Murray) close a numerically superior Japanese force; heavy damage is inflicted on United States forces but immediate Japanese movement toward Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, is checked. Battle of Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, ends as Marines repulse Japanese land and air attacks. United States naval vessels damaged: Carrier ENTERPRISE (CV-6), by dive bomber. Carrier HORNET (CV-8), by air attack. Battleship SOUTH DAKOTA (BB-57), by dive bomber. Light cruiser SAN JUAN (CL-54), by dive bomber. Destroyer PORTER (DD-356), by submarine torpedo, and sunk by United States forces. Destroyer SMITH (DD-378), by suicide bomber. Destroyer HUGHES (DD-410), by collision.

10/27 Tue. United States naval vessel sunk: Carrier HORNET (CV-8), by dive bombers, torpedo bombers, and destroyer torpedoes, 08 d. 38' S., 166 d. 43' E. United States naval vessels damaged: Battleship SOUTH DAKOTA (BB-57) and destroyer MAHAN (DD-364), by collision.

10/30 Fri. Japanese land second invasion force at Attu, Aleutian Islands. (See 16 September 1942.)

11/12 Thu. Naval Battle of Guadalcanal (12-15 November) opens as transports (Rear Adm. R. K. Turner) unloading troops in Lunga Roads, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, under the protection of air and surface forces, are attacked by Japanese aircraft. United States naval vessels damaged: Heavy cruiser SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38), by Japanese aircraft. Destroyer Buchanan (DD-484), accidentally by United States naval gunfire. Japanese submarine sunk: I-22, by PT-122, southwest of New Guinea, 08 d. 32' S., 148 d. 17' E.

11/13 Fri. Landing Support Group (Rear Adm. D. J. Callaghan) encounters Japanese Raiding Group, including two battleships, steaming to bombard Henderson Field, Guadalcanal; a devastating naval action ensues in the darkness off Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. Heavy damage is inflicted on United States force before Japanese Raiding Group retires northward. Carrier force (Rear Adm. T. C. Kinkaid) arrives close to battle area and launches air search and attacks against the enemy (Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, 12-15 November). United States naval vessels sunk: Light cruiser ATLANTA (CL-51), by naval gunfire. Light cruiser JUNEAU (CL-52), by submarine torpedo, as she leaves the Solomon Islands area to proceed to Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides, after Battle of Guadalcanal. Destroyer CUSHING (DD-376), by naval gunfire. Destroyer MONSSEN (DD-436), by naval gunfire. Destroyer LAFFEY (DD-459), by gunfire and torpedo from surface craft. United States naval vessels damaged: Heavy cruiser PORTLAND (CA-33) ,by torpedo from surface craft. Light cruiser HELENA (CL-50), by naval gunfire. Destroyer STERETT (DD-407), by naval gunfire. Destroyer O'BANNON (DD-450), accidentally by United State naval gunfire. Destroyer AARON WARD (DD-483), by naval gunfire. Japanese naval vessels sunk: Battleship HIEI, by naval gunfire, carrier-based aircraft, and Marine land-based aircraft. Destroyer AKATSUKI, by naval gunfire. Destroyer YUDACHI, by naval gunfire.

11/14 Sat. Japanese cruisers and destroyers engaged in night bombardment of Henderson Field, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, area attacked by motor torpedo boats. In the morning this enemy force, while retiring, is struck by Marine and Naval aircraft from Henderson Field, and aircraft from carrier ENTERPRISE (CV-6). The same aircraft sink seven Japanese transports during the afternoon. Beginning shortly before midnight and continuing on 15 November, battleship force (Rear Adm. W. W. Lee) composed of 2 battleships and 3 destroyers engages and turns back large Japanese Naval Group (Naval Battle of Guadalcanal, 12-15 November). United States naval vessels sunk: Destroyer PRESTON (DD-379), by naval gunfire. Destroyer WALKE (DD-416), by gunfire and torpedo from surface vessel. Japanese naval vessels sunk: Heavy cruiser KINUGASA, by Naval and Marine aircraft.

11/15 Sun. Naval Battle of Guadalcanal ends. [Although the United States suffered greater loss in warships, the Japanese withdrew and never again sent large naval forces into the waters around Guadalcanal; the ultimate outcome of the struggle for the island was decided.] United States naval vessel sunk: Destroyer BENHAM (DD-397), damaged by torpedo and sunk by United States forces. United States naval vessels damaged: Battleship SOUTH DAKOTA (BB-57), by naval gunfire. Destroyer GWIN (DD-433), by naval gunfire. Japanese naval vessels sunk: Battleship KIRISHIMA, by naval gunfire. Destroyer AYANAMI, by naval gunfire.

11/16 Mon. Army forces land south of Buna, New Guinea.

11/24 Tue. Japanese forces land at Munda Point, New Georgia, Solomon Islands.

11/30 Mon. Battle of Tassafaronga, occurs at night when cruiser and destroyer force (Read Adm. C. H. Wright) engages Japanese destroyers (Rear Adm. Tanaka) off Tassafaronga Point, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands; enemy torpedoes do heavy damage. United States naval vessels damaged: Heavy cruiser PENSACOLA (CA-24), NORTHAMPTON (CA-26), NEW ORLEANS (CA-32), and MINNEAPOLIS (CA-36), by torpedoes from Japanese destroyers. Japanese naval vessel sunk: Destroyer TAKANAMI, by surface craft.

12/01 Tue. United States naval vessel sunk: Heavy Cruiser NORTHAMPTON(CA-26), as result of torpedo damaged received at Battle of Tassafaronga (30 November 1942), 09 d. 12' S., 159 d. 50' E.






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Last updated 31 March 2005