THE BATTLES STARS EARNED BY USS OAKLAND

Bismarck Archipelago operation ~ Emirau Island 20- 27 March 1944
Gilbert Islands operation ~ Tarawa - 18 Nov to 26 Nov 1943
Marshall Islands operation ~ Kwajalein and Majuro Atolls - 16 Jan to 3 Feb 1944
Asiatic-Pacific raids ~ 1944
Western New Guinea operations ~ 20-22 April 1944
Marianas operation ~ Saipan - 6 June to 24 July 1944 
Western Caroline Islands operation ~ Palau - 6 Sep to 8 Sep
Leyte operation ~ 20 Oct to  29 Oct 1944 
Luzon operation ~ 4 Jan to 18 Jan 1945
Okinawa Gunto operation ~ Okinawa Gunto - 1 Apr to 29 May 1945
Third Fleet operations against Japan ~  1 Jul to 15 Aug 1945
Hollandia operation ~ Hollandia - 13 Apr to May 4 1944

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SERVICE MEDALS EARNED BY USS OAKLAND


Combat Action Ribbon

Attention NAVY and MARINE CORPS Veterans:  On 5 Oct 1999,  the Secretary of the Navy authorized the Combat Action Ribbon retroactively to Navy and Marine Corps members who participated in combat from 7 Dec 1941 to present.  This award had previously been retroactive only to 1 Mar 1961.   E-mail now to obtain your ribbon - USAIHP On the subject line type: Combat Action Ribbon

RETROACTIVE COMBAT ACTION RIBBON ELIGIBILITY FOR 
         NAVAL VETERANS FROM 1941 TO 1961 ANNOUNCED 

Navy and Marine Corps veterans who served in combat in or after World War II are now eligible to receive the Combat Action Ribbon (CAR).  Secretary of the Navy Richard Danzig has recently authorized this award for those who served in combat, but never received their CAR. "At a time when we are focusing on the contributions of these great Americans, this seems especially fitting," said Danzig. In order to be eligible for the CAR, veterans must have participated in ground or surface combat after Dec. 6, 1941, but before March 1, 1961, and cannot already have been recognized for the same participation.  Under Public Law 106-65, Danzig can award the CAR to veterans retroactively.  The time period required 
for submission is being waived in all cases.  Two  blocks of time have been designated by Danzig for eligibility of the CAR; 

World War II: Dec. 7, 1941 - April 14, 1946, 
Korea: June 27, 1950 - July 27, 1954. 

Navy Veterans who served during these periods may write directly to the Navy Awards Branch for settlement at: 
                 Chief of Naval Operations (N09B33) 
                   2000 Navy Pentagon 
                 Washington, D.C. 20350-2000 
The following information must be provided: Standard Form 180 or cover letter with the following information: full name, social security number, service number (if applicable), period of eligibility, unit assigned at the time, and mailing address.  Copy of Naval Personnel Form 553 or Defense Department (DD) Form 214;  DD-215 (if applicable). Additional substantiating documentation (optional): copies of combat awards; copies of evaluations; muster sheets or orders showing assignment to the unit for the period requested. A special section will handle these requests, but no other awards may be requested in conjunction with the CAR.  Only CAR requests dated after March 15, 2000, and in accordance with the prescribed guidance will be forwarded to the board for decision.  Any prior requests must be resubmitted. If a veteran cannot provide the required  documentation, a request for personal record information must be submitted to
the St. Louis Records Center before submitting the request to the Navy Awards  Board. If a veteran desires to address a different period of time, a request to review the period may be sent, with substantiating documentation, to the Navy Board of Decorations and Medals at the above address. 


China Service Medal

 Instituted: 1940 

 Dates: 1937-39, 1945-57 
(EXTENDED) 1945-1957) 

Criteria: Service ashore in China or on-board naval vessels during either time periods.

 1. The commemorative purposes for which the China Service Medal was established and authorized by General Order No. 176, dated 1 July 1942, are extended to include the services performed by personnel of the Navy,  Marine Corps and Coast Guard during the operations in China subsequent to 2 September 1945, and until a terminal date to be designated. It is further provided that the Secretary of the Navy may tender this medal to personnel of the Army or other components of the Armed Forces of the United States for service which he may determine to be commensurate to and consistent with the services for which the award is made to personnel in the naval service, and this provision for tender shall apply for all periods of time for which award of this medal is authorized. 

 2. The medal will be awarded to individual who shall have been attached to, present, and serving on permanent duty with an organization of the naval service 
of the United States credited by the Secretary of the Navy with having 
participated in operations in China. Service in a passenger status, or as an observer, visitor, courier, escort, inspector or other similar status when not permanently attached to an eligible unit, is not creditable toward eligibility for the above medal. Services performed in the Asiatic-Pacific area between 3 September 1945 and 2 March 1946, inclusive, shall not be credited toward individual eligibility for the China Service Medal unless  the individual is already eligible for the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal for services performed prior to 2 September 1945. 

 3. Organizations will, consistent with the above dates, be credited with qualifying service for services performed on shore in China and such adjacent islands and territories as are recognized to be Chinese, or in ships operating  in such territorial waters or contiguous ocean areas, or in aircraft based upon and operating from such territories or ships. 

4. The China Service Medal shall not be awarded for any service for which another service medal is authorized  except as provided in paragraph 2 above and not more than one medal shall be awarded to any individual. No clasps, distinguishing devices, or other insignia are authorized to be worn on the corresponding service ribbon except that individuals to whom the medal has been or may be awarded for service performed under General Order No. 176, of 1 July 1942, shall upon becoming eligible for this award for service performed 
subsequent to 2 September 1945, wear a bronze star signifying the second 
award on the ribbon of the medal and on the service ribbon. 

 5. Nothing contained herein shall be construed as altering or otherwise affecting the condition for which the China Service Medal was awarded by General Order No. 176, of 1 July 1942, except as providing for tender to other services as provided in Paragraph 1 above (ALNAV 25 of 22 Jan. 1947; Navy Department General Order No. 255 of 28 Jan. 1948.) 


American Campaign Medal

Criteria:

The American Campaign Medal was awarded for For thirty days service outside the Continental United States but within the American Theater of Operations between December 7, 1941, and March 2, 1946; or, an aggregate service of one year within the Continental United States during the same period under the following circumstances: 

-- On permanent assignment outside the continental limits of the United States; or,

-- On permanent assignment as a member of a crew of a vessel sailing ocean waters for a period of 30 consecutive days or 60 non-consecutive days; or, 

-- For service outside the continental limits of the United States in a passenger status or on temporary duty for 30 consecutive days or 60 non consecutive days; or, 

-- For service in active combat against the enemy and awarded a combat decoration or furnished a certificate by the commanding general of a corps, higher unit, or independent force that the individual actually participated in combat; or, 

-- For service within the continental limits of the United States for an aggregate period of one year.
 



Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal

with 2 silver and 2 bronze Battle Stars

The Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal was awarded to personnel for service within the Asiatic-Pacific Theater between 7 December 1941 and 2 March 1946 under any of the following conditions:

(1) On permanent assignment.

(2) In a passenger status or on temporary duty for 30 consecutive days or 60 days not consecutive.

(3) In active combat against the enemy and was awarded a combat decoration or furnished a certificate by the commanding general of a corps, higher unit, or independent force that he actually participated in combat.

b. The eastern boundary of the Asiatic-Pacific Theater is from the North Pole, south along the 141st meridian west longitude to the east boundary of Alaska, then south and southeast along the Alaska boundary to the Pacific Ocean, then south along the 130th meridian to its intersection with the 30th parallel north latitude, then southeast to the intersection of the Equator and the 100th meridian west longitude, then to the South Pole. The western boundary of the Asiatic-Pacific Theater is from the North Pole south along the 60th meridian east longitude to its intersection with the east boundary of Iran, then south along the Iran boundary to the Gulf of Oman and the intersection of the 60th meridian east longitude, then south along the 60th meridian east longitude to the South Pole. The Asiatic-Pacific Theater included Alaska, Hawaii, Philippines, Australia, New Zealand, and all of Asia.

World War II Asiatic-Pacific Campaigns
1. Pearl Harbor-Midway 1941 
2. Wake Island 1941 
3. Philippine Islands operation 1941-1942
4. Netherlands East Indies engagements 1941-1942
5. Pacific raids (1942) 
6. Coral Sea 1942 
7. Midway 1942 
8. Guadalcanal-Tulagi landings 1942 
9. Capture and defense of Guadalcanal 1942-1943
10. Makin raid 1942 
11. Eastern Solomons  (Stewart Isl.) 1942 
12. Buin-Faisi-Tonolai raid 1942 
13. Cape Esperance (Second Savo) 1942 
14. Santa Cruz Islands 1942
15. Guadalcanal (Third Savo) 1942 
16. Tassafaronga (Fourth Savo) 1942 
17. Eastern New Guinea operation 1942-1944
18. Rennel Island Operation 1943
19. Consolidation of Solomon Islands 1943-1945
20. Aleutians operation 1943
21. New Georgia Group operation 1943
22. Bismarck Archipelago operation 1943
23. Pacific raids 1943
24. Treasury-Bougainville operation
25. Gilbert Islands operation 1943
26. Marshall Islands operation 1944
27. Asiatic-Pacific raids1944
28. Western New Guinea operations 1944
29. Marianas operation 1944
30. Western Caroline Islands operation 1944
31. Leyte operation 1944
32. Luzon operation 1944
33. Iwo Jima operation 1945
34. Okinawa Gunto operation 1945
35. Third Fleet operations against Japan 1945
36. Kurile Islands operation 1944-1945
37. Borneo operations 1945
38. Tinian capture and occupation 1944
39. Consolidation of the Southern Philippines 1945
40. Hollandia operation 1944
41. Manila Bay-Bicol operations 1945
42. Escort, antisubmarine, armed guard and special operations 
43. Submarine War Patrols (Pacific) 
.


World War II Victory Medal

The World War II Victory Medal may be awarded to all members of the Armed Forces of the United States or the Government of the Philippine Islands who served on active duty in World War II at any time between 7 December 1941 and 31 December 1946, both dates inclusive. (Established by Public Law No. 135 of 
6 July 1945.) 

Navy Occupation Service Medal

To commemorate the services performed by the personnel of the Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard in the occupation of the territories of the enemies of the United States during World War II, and subsequent to the surrender of those enemies, the Navy Occupation Service Medal was established and will be awarded to individuals of the above-named services who participated in such occupation according to the requirements of eligibility hereinafter set forth. It is further provided that the Secretary of the Navy may tender this medal to personnel of the Army or other components of the Armed Forces of the United States for services which he may determine to be commensurate and consistent with the service for which the award is made to personnel in the naval service. 

 The Navy Occupation Service Medal shall not be awarded for any service for which another medal is authorized. Not more than one Navy Occupation Service Medal will be awarded to any individual regardless of whether service has been performed in different areas or places at different interval of time. Appropriate clasps marked "Europe" and "Asia" are authorized to be attached to the ribbon of the medal to denote service in Europe and Asia, respectively. No distinctive 
device to denote possession of the above clasps is authorized for wearing on the service ribbon. 

Established by the War Department in 1946 and awarded to members of the US Army and Air Force for thirty days or more consecutive service in the Occupation Forces. 

Occupation Zone limits: 

Austria -- 09 May 1945-02 Jul 1955 
Berlin -- 09 May 1945-02 Oct 1990
Germany -- 09 May 1945-02 Jul 1955 
Italy -- 09 May 1945-15 Sep 1947 
Japan -- 03 Sep 1945-27 Apr 1952 
Korea -- 03 Sep 1945-29 Jun 1949


Philippine Liberation Medal
with two bronze stars

The Philippine Liberation Medal was awarded for service in the liberation of the Philippines from October 17, 1944, to September 2, 1945. In order to qualify, one of the following provisions must be met:

-- Participation in the initial landing operation of Leyte and adjoining islands from October 7-20, 1944; or, 

-- Participation in any engagement against the enemy during the Philippine Liberation Campaign; or, 

-- Service in the Philippine Islands or in ships in Philippine wates for not less than 30 days during the period of October 17, 1944 to September 2, 1945. 

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Navy Battle Streamers WW II Pacific Area
8 Silver and 3 Bronze Stars 
Revised 15 July 1996 

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This Web Page was created by and
is maintained by Paul D. Henriott